Samurai πŸ—‘ BY: Alexis Boyer P.2

RISE OF THE MILITARY SOCIETY

- How did Japan become a military society? It was after chaos and bloody battles that a strong military government formed a conquered the daimyo

Shogun: Commander-in-chief , they had the real power. They were protected by their samurai.

Daimyo: warrior lords they became pretty powerful started forming little clans.

Samurai: loyal to their lord, honest, brave, and strict. They were devout Buddhists or most of them. They killed themeselves to keep or gain back their honor. They were also educated academically and artistically.

SAMURAI ARMOR, WEAPONS, AND FIGHTING

Armor & Weapons : heavy armor, he wore a KimonoΒ or a colorful robe under his armor. They also wore shin guards, little metal plates, boxlike panels which covered their chest and back. They would where metal sleeves that covered their arms, a helmet with incense, thigh guards, and an iron mask. What they used as weapons was bows and arrows, spears, swords. (Long sword and Katana)

Military training and fighting styles: " The Way of the Horse and the Bow." They learned how to shoot the enemy with a bow on horseback.Young samurai apprenticed to archery masters who taught them mental and physical techniques. But later on swords became more important. Samurai were taught to use their swords without thinking. They were also taught how to fight without weapons, and self-control.

SAMURAI TRAINING AND THE WARRIOR CODE

How did someone become a samurai? What were the stages? : Some people lived in families of Samurai. It was passed down through families. The stages of becoming a samurai: They started training with wooden swords when they were young. They gradually progressed and started using real swords and bows

What were they trained to do mentally and physically ? : They were physically trained to use martial arts. Some mental training they learned was self-control. They also learned to endure pain and suffering. They would also develope a sixth sense.

What is Bushido? : Bushido is a code the samurai followed. It meant loyalty, courage, and honor.

What other ideals and customs did samurai live by?: Some other values and customs the samurai lived by was they were honest and " those who served " were devout Buddhist.

Sepukku: (ritual suicide) sepukku is a ritual suicide that originated with Japan's ancient samurai warrior class. It involved slicing yourself in the belly with a short sword, slicing open the stomach and then turning the blade upwards for a fatal wound. The process was accompanied by a ceremony where the individual would drink sake and composed a short death poem. The samurai did this to achieve an honorable death. They did this to avoid capture and being defeated or if their master died. The female version is called Jigai which included cutting the throat with a special knife

TRAINING IN WRITING, LITERATURE AND TEA CEREMONY

Training in writing, literature and tea ceremony: Samurai were taught to be students of culture. Two important aspects of culture were writing and literature. They practiced calligraphy and poetry.

Tea ceremony: Another aspect of culture they studied was the tea ceremony. The ceremony "fostered a spirit of harmony, reverence, and calmness". It also served as a way to form political alliances. The ceremony had to be performed a certain way with a tea master and guests who had to crawl through a small door to get to the room. The tea room was very simple with little decoration. The tea master would make tea and then the bowl with the tea was passed to one guest after another each taking three sips and handing it to the next guest.

SPIRITUAL TRAINING

Discuss Amida Buddhism and Zen Buddhism: Most samurai were buddhists and they were drawn to Amida and Zen. Most liked Zen. Amida Buddhism was founded by a monk. These buddhists believed that all people could reach paradise by relying on the mercy of Amida Buddha. Amida was an Indian prince until he became a Buddha. Zen Buddhism appealed to samurai because of its emphasis on effort and discipline. Zen taught self reliance and achieving enlightenment through meditation.

WOMEN IN SAMURAI SOCIETY

How did the role of women in samurai society change? : It declined over time. In the 12th women enjoyed the honor and respect. In the 17th century they were treated with lower power than men.

12th century: The women enjoyed the status. When her husband died, she could gain his property and preform the duties. Even though women rarely fought they were still supposed to be brave and loyal like men. Some women did fight in battles.

17th century: By this time women's position weakened. Men were this unquestioned lords. Women didn't even choose their husbands. They were supposed to clean and do chores, but for certain in samurai families, women were completely under men's control.

Thank you!!!

Credits:

Created with images by swampa - "cherryblossoms1" β€’ madmrmox - "mean_samurai" β€’ madmrmox - "japanese_samurai_armor_2010_159" β€’ madmrmox - "edo_samurai_17" β€’ madmrmox - "AABR003777" β€’ Justin Ruckman - "DSCN0347.JPG" β€’ bykst - "sword katana japanese long sword" β€’ Friande Art - "Bushido Spirit" β€’ Simon - "thailand bangkok temple" β€’ bykst - "buddha figure smoke" β€’ Jeremy Weate - "Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon" β€’ robertivanc - "lotus in a cup" β€’ madmrmox - "Samurai-238x300" β€’ Mariamichelle - "japan kyoto kiyomizu-dera" β€’ iMorpheus - "Cast Iron Kettle." β€’ Polymanu - "green tea milk bubble" β€’ Bonbonga - "green tea tea green" β€’ 901263 - "zen cairn stones" β€’ el_ave - "Zen Garden" β€’ el_ave - "Zen Garden" β€’ Mike Prince - "Lord Amitayus" β€’ jimg944 - "DSC21816-7_Panorama, Byodoin Temple, Uji City, Japan" β€’ Gigi Ibrahim - "Samurai Woman" β€’ Moyan_Brenn - "Japan"

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