- How did Japan become a military society? It was after chaos and bloody battles that a strong military government formed a conquered the daimyo
Shogun: Commander-in-chief , they had the real power. They were protected by their samurai.
Daimyo: warrior lords they became pretty powerful started forming little clans.
Samurai: loyal to their lord, honest, brave, and strict. They were devout Buddhists or most of them. They killed themeselves to keep or gain back their honor. They were also educated academically and artistically.
Armor & Weapons : heavy armor, he wore a Kimono or a colorful robe under his armor. They also wore shin guards, little metal plates, boxlike panels which covered their chest and back. They would where metal sleeves that covered their arms, a helmet with incense, thigh guards, and an iron mask. What they used as weapons was bows and arrows, spears, swords. (Long sword and Katana)
Military training and fighting styles: " The Way of the Horse and the Bow." They learned how to shoot the enemy with a bow on horseback.Young samurai apprenticed to archery masters who taught them mental and physical techniques. But later on swords became more important. Samurai were taught to use their swords without thinking. They were also taught how to fight without weapons, and self-control.
How did someone become a samurai? What were the stages? : Some people lived in families of Samurai. It was passed down through families. The stages of becoming a samurai: They started training with wooden swords when they were young. They gradually progressed and started using real swords and bows
What were they trained to do mentally and physically ? : They were physically trained to use martial arts. Some mental training they learned was self-control. They also learned to endure pain and suffering. They would also develope a sixth sense.
What is Bushido? : Bushido is a code the samurai followed. It meant loyalty, courage, and honor.
What other ideals and customs did samurai live by?: Some other values and customs the samurai lived by was they were honest and " those who served " were devout Buddhist.
Sepukku: (ritual suicide) sepukku is a ritual suicide that originated with Japan's ancient samurai warrior class. It involved slicing yourself in the belly with a short sword, slicing open the stomach and then turning the blade upwards for a fatal wound. The process was accompanied by a ceremony where the individual would drink sake and composed a short death poem. The samurai did this to achieve an honorable death. They did this to avoid capture and being defeated or if their master died. The female version is called Jigai which included cutting the throat with a special knife
Training in writing, literature and tea ceremony: Samurai were taught to be students of culture. Two important aspects of culture were writing and literature. They practiced calligraphy and poetry.
Tea ceremony: Another aspect of culture they studied was the tea ceremony. The ceremony "fostered a spirit of harmony, reverence, and calmness". It also served as a way to form political alliances. The ceremony had to be performed a certain way with a tea master and guests who had to crawl through a small door to get to the room. The tea room was very simple with little decoration. The tea master would make tea and then the bowl with the tea was passed to one guest after another each taking three sips and handing it to the next guest.