Between 1923 and 1944, Texas Democrats used to limit black participation in politics. 1944, Surpreme court declares white primaries unconstitutional.
1942- Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded in Chicago by a group of students. CORE was committed to nonviolent direct actions as a mean of change. 1943, CORE spread to other northern cities.
In 1945, Robinson crossed the color line when Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey hired him. Fans were not a fan of it though and some of his team members were not interested in playing with a black person.
July 26, 1948 Truman signed Executive Order 9981. Desegregation became official policy in the armed forces
December 5, 1950 Boycott Movement. African Americans in Montgomery organized an elaborate carpool system to get round town. White leaders did everything they could to stop the boycott. KKK attacked protesters and even set off bombs at the house of boycott leaders.
In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled Brown v. Board of education. A year later it ordered schools to be desegregated. And by 1968, the portion of African Americans going to school with whites rose to 32%
December 1, 1955. Rosa Parks a 43 year old African American women refused to give up her seat to a white person. After this event on December 5, there was a sign that the African Americans honered and obeyed the sign.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957 played a major role in the civil rights movement. It pledged to use nonviolent resistance. Instead of violence it decided to remain peaceful.
Voting Acts of 1965. The act outlawed literacy tests and other tactics used to deny African Americans the right to vote. They called for federal government to supervise voter registration in areas where less than half of voting-age citizens were registered to vote.
1966, the Black Panther Party was founded by Bobby Seale, and Huey Newton in Oakland California. It provided many services for blacks in their community like free breakfast programs for kids, and medical clinics. They were best known for their efforts to end police mistreatment of blacks.
1969. African American members of the House of Representatives started the Congressional Black Caucus. The caucus worked to address legislative concerns of African American citizens.
Civil Rights Act of 1968. The law included a fair housing component that banned discrimination in housing sales and rentals gave federal governments the authority to file lawsuits against those who violated the law.