Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a the colosseum

Built between the years 72 C.E. and 80 C.E. by Emperor Vespasian, the Flavian Amphitheater is ...

The Largest Amphitheater The World Has Seen

It was used as an entertainment center, being a center for: sporting events, plays, and gladiator battles.

When it was freshly built, it looked like a:

  • A colossal eliptical structure covering 6 acres
  • Under wooden stage, there was a series of tunnels and cages to hold animals and gladiators
  • Lifts and trapdoors would let them out to get to the wooden stage
  • Floor covered with sand to absorb blood
  • Harena means sand in Latin, which is where arena came from
  • Possible to flood the amphitheater to portray naval battles
  • Three tiers of seats that could hold 50,000 people
  • Retractable awning, called a velarium, would provide shade
  • CENTER = large eliptical arena
One of the most famous activities enjoyed by Romans were the Gladiator Battles, fights that raised money for themselves. Unlike movie culture, these fights were not always "To the death." Gladiators made their money by FIGHTING, not by DYING
In the Middle Ages, Italians enjoyed the Colosseum as not a hub of entertainment, but a flea market. With its wide open spaces and great location in the middle of Rome, merchants set up shop and some people even had their homes in the Colosseum
Now looks like this, with some parts being taken off to be used elsewhere :(
1992 - 8 year restoration project / 2013 - Renovation to clean and apply facade to Colosseum

In Colosseo, populus Romani tempus delectavit.

In Colosseo, tempus a populo Romani delectatum est.

Citations:

  1. "The Colosseum Is Built in Rome: 75–80." Global Events: Milestone Events Throughout History, edited by Jennifer Stock, vol. 4: Europe, Gale, 2014. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/RVNMBB714697551/WHIC?u=san60135&xid=d26020ad. Accessed 29 Mar. 2017.
  2. "Roman Architecture." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, edited by Edward I. Bleiberg, et al., vol. 2: Ancient Greece and Rome 1200 B.C.E.-476 C.E. Gale, 2005, pp. 25-37. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3427400194/WHIC?u=san60135&xid=254ffd14. Accessed 29 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by kirkandmimi - "rome monument colosseum" • martieda - "colosseum rome tourist" • Kazuhisa Togo - "Colosseum" • ohallmann - "Gladiator" • jbsinger - "colosseum rome sunset" • ohallmann - "Gladiator" • Javier Vieras - "Colosseum" • pascalmwiemers - "colosseum europe italy"

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