A New Revolution in Science Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud had an enormous impact on the 20th century; were part of the scientific revolution like Galileo and Copernicus.
Impact of Einstein's Theory of Relativity
Albert Einstein was a German born physicist who started new ideas about space, time, energy and matter. In 1905 Einstein said that light was constant, but that space and time were not constant. Theory of relativity- a theory about relative motion. The uncertainty and relativity started to replace Isaac Newtons comforting belief of a world operating according to absolute laws of matter and gravity.
Influence of Freudian Psychology
Sigmund Freud was a revolutionist like Einstein. He treated people with psychological problems.His ideas weakened faith in reason.
Spain founded Cubism in 1907. Cubism transformed natural shapes into geometric
forms. Objects were broken down into different parts with sharp angles and
edges. Often several views were depicted at the same time.
problems that had begun during the war. Unlike Britain and France, Germany had
not greatly increased its wartime taxes. To pay the expenses of the war, the
Germans had simply printed money. After Germany’s defeat, this paper money
steadily lost its value. Burdened with heavy reparations payments to the Allies and
with other economic problems, Germany printed even morAs
prosperity returned, Germany’s foreign
minister, Gustav Stresemann , and France’s foreign minister, Aristide Briand tried to improve relations between their countries. In 1925, the two ministers met in Locarno, Switzerland, with officials from Belgium, Italy, and Britain.They signed a treaty promising that France and Germany would neve
again make war against each other. Germany also agreed to respect the existing
borders of France and Belgium.