Years of Crisis By: maricruz francisco domingo

Postwar Uncertainty

A New Revolution in Science Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud had an enormous impact on the 20th century; were part of the scientific revolution like Galileo and Copernicus.

Impact of Einstein's Theory of Relativity

Albert Einstein was a German born physicist who started new ideas about space, time, energy and matter. In 1905 Einstein said that light was constant, but that space and time were not constant. Theory of relativity- a theory about relative motion. The uncertainty and relativity started to replace Isaac Newtons comforting belief of a world operating according to absolute laws of matter and gravity.

Influence of Freudian Psychology

Sigmund Freud was a revolutionist like Einstein. He treated people with psychological problems.His ideas weakened faith in reason.

Spain founded Cubism in 1907. Cubism transformed natural shapes into geometric

forms. Objects were broken down into different parts with sharp angles and

edges. Often several views were depicted at the same time.

problems that had begun during the war. Unlike Britain and France, Germany had

not greatly increased its wartime taxes. To pay the expenses of the war, the

Germans had simply printed money. After Germany’s defeat, this paper money

steadily lost its value. Burdened with heavy reparations payments to the Allies and

with other economic problems, Germany printed even morAs

prosperity returned, Germany’s foreign

minister, Gustav Stresemann , and France’s foreign minister, Aristide Briand tried to improve relations between their countries. In 1925, the two ministers met in Locarno, Switzerland, with officials from Belgium, Italy, and Britain.They signed a treaty promising that France and Germany would neve

again make war against each other. Germany also agreed to respect the existing

borders of France and Belgium.

In the late 1920s, American economic prosperity largely sustained the world economy. If the U.S. economy weakened, the whole world’s economic system might collapse. In 1929, it did.
By 1929, American factories were turning out nearly half of the world’s industrial goods. The rising productivity led to enormous profits. However, this new wealth was not evenly distributed. The richest 5 percent of the population received 33 percent of all personal income in 1929. Yet 60 percent of all American families earned less than $2,000 a year. Thus, most families were too poor to buy the goods being produced. Unable to sell all their goods, store owners eventually cut back their orders from factories.In the late 1920s, American economic prosperity largely sustained the world economy. If the U.S. economy weakened, the whole world’s economic system might collapse. In 1929, the economy went down and th great depression was takin
In both, the state was supreme. Neither practiced any kind of democracy. However, unlike Communists, Fascists did not seek a classless society. Rather, they believed that each class had its place and function. In most cases, Fascist parties were made up of aristocrats and industrialists, war veterans,and the lower middle class. Also, Fascists were nationalists, and Communists were internationalists, hoping to unite workers worldwide.was a little-known political leader whose early life had been marked by disappointment.
When World War I broke out, Hitler found a new beginning. He volunteered for the German army and was twice awarded the Iron Cross, a medal for bravery. later on hitler took charge of germany and everything started to change. Jews were blamed for all the bad things that happened and they were killed. hitler made up the communist party which started to spread through out europe. The United States got involved later on. When hitler was about to be captured he saw no way out so he shot himself. They war was over and many people died, but the majority were jews.
Britain and France asked the Soviet Union to join them in stopping Hitler’s aggression. As Stalin talked with Britain and France, he also bargained with Hitler. The two dictators reached an agreement. Once bitter enemies, Fascist Germany and Communist Russia now publicly pledged never to attack one another. On August 23, 1939, their leaders signed a nonaggression pact. As the Axis Powers moved unchecked at the end of the decade, war appeared inevitable.

Credits:

Created with images by Alexander Annenkov - "Germany July" • Archives New Zealand - "Peter McIntyre, Air raid at Monte Cassino, February 1944" • Seattle Municipal Archives - "Puget Sound Paper Box Co., 1965" • cliff1066™ - "Adolf Hitler" • DzidekLasek - "auschwitz history the museum" • leonyaakov - "The Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt, Russia"

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