Photojournalism Research Project: Photojournalists- MalcOlm Wilde Browne Khivani L. Young

Malcolm Wilde Browne was born on April 17, 1931 in New York City, New York. On August 27th of 2012 in New Hampshire, he died of Parkienson's disease at the age of 81.

In his early education, Browne attended 'Friends Seminary' all the way from kindergarten to 12th grade. Afterwards he attended 'Swarthmore College' in Pennsylvania and studied the Chemistry.

Malcolm's career began with journalism when he was drafted during the Korean War and was assigned to work on the Pacific edition of 'the Stars and the Stripes' for two years. For some time he worked for the Middletown Times Herald-Record then worked at the Associated Press, in which he was eventually appointed as the chief correspondent for Indochina.

June 11, 1963 began the photo aspect of his career. Taking renown photos of the death of Thích Quảng Đức he received a Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting and was offered a multitudes of job opportunities. In 1965 he left the Associated Press. For about a year he worked in the television journalism field at ABC TV, but eventually he became dissatisfied with the occupation and for several years he worked freelance.

For a year Browne did fellowship at the Columbia University with the Council on Foreign Relations, and in 1968, he joined The New York Times, and a mere four years late, in 1972, he became its correspondent for South America. But before becoming a journalist Browne worked as a chemist, and in 1977, he became a science writer, in which he served as a senior editor for Discover. In 1985 he returned to The New York Times, and in 1991, he covered the Persian Gulf War.

On April 28, 2012, released an interview of Patrick Witty and Malcolm Browne titled: Malcolm Browne: The Story Behind the Burning Monk

A question that Patrick Witty had asked Malcolm seemed to me to answer how life influenced him, and in the case of the burning monk photo, life and death.

Patrick Witty: What was happening in Vietnam leading up to the day you took your famous photograph of Quang Duc's self-immolation?

Malcolm Browne: I had been in Vietnam at that point for a couple of years when things began to look ugly in central Vietnam. I took a much greater interest in the Buddhists of Vietnam than I had before, because it seemed to me they were likely to be movers and shakers in whatever turned up next. I came to be on friendly terms with quite a lot of the monks who were leaders of this movement that was taking shape.

In 1963 Malcolm won the Press Photo of the Year. Honored as "the most prestigious and coveted around in photojournalism" Browne also received €10,000 ~ "The main prize is given to the image that "... is not only the photojournalistic encapsulation of the year, but represents an issue, situation or event of great journalistic importance, and does so in a way that demonstrates an outstanding level of visual perception and creativity."

Browne also won the Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting in 1964, the George Polk award for courage in journalism, the Overseas Press Club Award, the James T. Grady-James H. Stack Award for Interpreting Chemistry for the Public, American Chemical Society in 1992, and in 2002 he was made an honorary member of Sigma Xi.

Typically Malcolm seemed to cover social pictures. In the ideas that he covered the Korean and Persian Gulf Wars, his photos are something that you would see in a museum or in a history book that overviews a social or societal conflict or general societal history. In his pictures, to me, he attempts to communicate the reality of international conflicts or environments.

Along with the photos he captured during the Korean and Persian Gulf Wars, Browne took photos in Vietnam, and the United States

Malcolm's most notable work of the Burning Monk is considered today to not only possibly be the most influential image of all, but also the greatest photograph of all.

"Had a western newsman with a camera not been present at Quang Duc’s suicide, history might have taken a different turn."(On his 1963 photograph of self-immolation of South Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc.)
"The photo had an immediate impact. As the AP noted in its story on Browne's death, "The photos he took appeared on front pages around the globe and sent shudders all the way to the White House, prompting President John F. Kennedy to order a re-evaluation of his administration's Vietnam policy."

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