Agriculture Project 2016 By: Samantha Ballenger

The First Agriculture Revolution: neolithic Revolution

The first agricultural revolution was the domestication of plants and animals. It started about 11.000 years ago. This is where humans were hunting, herding and farming. It changed the way they lived because it got them the resources they needed to survive. The advantages that it had on people were that it gave us food surplus. That is where food is grown by a nation or area that excess of its needs. It was also practiced all around the world. Although it did have its disadvantages which was that farming is a very hard job to do and it takes a lot of work.

This is wheat. It was the first crop to be grown by humans and is still being growing today and used in many things.

The Second Agriculture Revolution

The second agricultural revolution was where they used technology provided by the industrial revolution to increase production and distribution of products. It occurred around the 1700s to the 1900s in in western Europe. Farming made a huge revolution sense the first revolution and has modernized quiet a bit. For example the seed drill, horse collar and the plow were new tools that made farming an easier job to do.

Crop rotation was also a big part in the second revolution. Crop rotation is where you put different crops in the same spot and rotating them one after another.

The third agriculture revolution

The third agricultural revolution was technology innovations and scientific farming methods or also called biotechnology. It started at the end of the nineteenth century. What is did for farming was it reduced the number of human and animal labors, increased land and yields.

Modern day farming has evolved in many ways. It has given us so many more opportunities then we have ever had before. We also have lots of new technology to help us get work faster and to be more efficient when we work.

Genetically modified organisms (Gmo)

Genetically modified organisms or a GMO is when a plant or animal changes as a result of biotechnology. They changed farming because lots of farmers started using gmos and they were becoming more popular. The advantages of them are the organism is more resistant to weeds, pests and disease. Also sometimes the nutritional value is better for you. The cons though for this is mixing genes from different ecosystems and relies on natural ecological processes and cycles. Also they are apposed to synthetic inputs such as pesticides.

Credits:

Created with images by Sandra_M_H - "wheat wheat field cereals"

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