Airport safety issues include the following:
- Airport Terminal Buildings
- Hangars and Maintenance Shops
- Ramp Operations
- Specialized Airport Services: Aviation fuel handling, Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF) and Deicing and Anti- Icing.
Airport Terminal Buildings
These facilities are laid out to minimize passenger delays and maximize throughput of travelers from the airport terminal entry point to the aircraft.
- Emergency evacuation and egress routes, signs, and other marking should conform to the Life Safety Code. Examples Include: Exits should be well lighted and marked, panic hardware should be installed and properly working on the inside of exterior doors used for emergency exits and Emergency evacuation plans should be posted in all buildings.
- All areas must be accessible to persons with disabilities as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
- All slip and trip hazards must be eliminated, and fall prevention strategies should be implemented on stairways, escalators, and moving walkways.
- Doors should open automatically to eliminated inconvenience to people with baggage and to the handicapped. Also, doors should open away from the person going through.
- Moving walkways should have emergency stop buttons at both ends, and, wherever feasible, every 50 meters apart. Attention grabbing techniques should be installed to warn passengers that they are approaching the end of a moving walkway.
The ramp is generally designed for aircraft, not the vehicles that service and/or operate in the proximity of the aircraft. Some ramp activities include:
- Aircraft ground handling that may include taxiing, towing, chocking, parking, or tie down.
- Aircraft refueling.
- Aircraft servicing-catering, cleaning, food service etc.
- Baggage and cargo handling.
- Conditioned air supply.
- Power supply.
- Routine checks and maintenance.
Individuals involved with the above activities are exposed to several occupational hazards:
- Slips, trips and falls
- Strains and sprains
- Exposure o hazardous materials
- Contact with moving parts and bumps.
- Electrical Hazards
- high pressure air and other fluid during cleaning
- Noise from engines and other equipment.
Specialized Airport Services
Specialized airport services are compromised of the following:
Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF)
Although now in modern aviation times there has been changes to airport certification standards, there is still one recurrent them that still exists Runway Incursions.
Category of Runway Incursions
Statistics of Runway Incursions
According to the latest FAA National Runway Safety Plan (2009-2011), the rate of runway incursions has remained steady during the 4 year period ending in September 2008. During this period, there were nearly 250 million operations in the United States at FAA Towered Airports, resulting in 1,353 runway incursions. The majority (92 percent) were categories C and D events involving little or no risk of collision, but the remainder (8 percent) were categories A and B, serious events.