In the Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the overarching theme human insect moving away from civilization and more towards savagery and animal impulse. Throughout the novel, Golding displaces the contrast between civilization and savagery with Ralph and Jack. As time goes on in the book Ralph uses reason to establish rules and instill guidance into the other boys on the island, meanwhile, Jack resorts to gaining power over the boys. In Chapter 4, page 64 "[Jack] began to dance and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling." It can be seen that Jack as well as the other boys grew closer to their animal instict and farther away from humanity. While, Jack and the others changed and shifted Ralph and Piggy remained focused on staying as civilized as possible. Ralph tried setting up plans and rules that would keep the brotherhood at peace and sane. A huge reminder of order was the Conch that symoblized order and authority. In contrast to the Conch Jack uses the Lord of the Flies as unification and brotherhood. The Lord of the Flies is what brings Jack's group together and ultimalty leads them towards self destruction. The over arching theme becomes most present in Chapter 12 , page 202 when the boys are rescued. Durng this part of the novel "Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of 's man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise freind Piggy." At this point Ralph and the rest of the boys knew what they had become and realized that they has lost themselves in their new paradise.
"At once half the boys were on their feet. Jack clamored among them, the conch forgotten." (Chapter 2, page 38)
Throughout the entire novel the story was lead and directed by either Ralph or Jack. The two characters fought for attention and dominance. Jacks character assumed the evil position throughout the entire book. Jack leaves Ralphs boyscout group to create his own savage group promising a hunt. Most of the boys are naive and are looking for a leader that can promise survival. Jack uses his evil yet charasmatic attitude to persuade the boys to become his minions. Jacks character symbolizes the savage and beast within us all that can easily be brought out. In contrast Ralph remains rational and acts as the civilized part in us all. For example in Chapter 1, page 22 Ralph was elected leader by the group of boys. "There was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and most obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch. The being that had blown that, had sat waiting for themon the platform." From the start Jack and Ralph set themselves apart as good v. evil. While Jack made impulsice decisons, Ralph made thoughtout and well planned decisons. Soon after Ralph was made chief the group asked him what they were to do he replied with "I've got to have time to think things out. I can't decide what to do straight off."(Chapter 1, page 23)
"Ralph-remeber what we came for. The fire. My specs" (Chapter 11, Page 177) Piggy kepy Ralph grounded and was also the only one truly civilized and the one that remained human and pure.
The island around the boys played a huge role in changing the boys and drawing them away from civilization. The island itself acted as the boys escape, to Jack the island was his kingdom and was a place for him to rule. During the boys time on the island the setting of the novel changed and adapted with the boys behavior. An important area on the island is Castle Rock. It was at Castle Rock were Piggy died and with Piggys death along went any innocence that was left within the brotherhood. The setting of the entire story brought out the boys darker side. When they group killed the first pig it acted as the savagery at heart. The first time Simone killed a pig it released his inner demon. In Chapter 8, page 138 "In front of Simon, the Lord of the Flies hung on his stick and grinned. As last Simon gave up and looked back; and saw the white teeth and dim eyes, the blood-and his gaze was held by the ancient, enescapable recognition. In simon's right temple, a pulse began to beat on the brain." At that moment Simon's beast was awaken and the island drove him to madness. The evil atmosphere of the island morphed the boys into hunters and survivers. In Chapter 9, page 152/154 the boys relized they had gotten so lost and immersed within the island that they killed Simon. " The sticks fell and the mouth of the new circle crunched and screamed. The beast was on its knees in the center, its arms folded over its face. It was crying out against the abominable noise.-Simon's dead body moved out towards the open sea." The setting of the entire novel remained eerie and dull and the true side of the island came out as a cruel killer.
"This has gone quite far enough. My poor, misguided child, do you think you know btter than I do?" (Chapter 8, page 143) Lord of the Flies talking to Simon