Presidents By jeremy slate

Notes

Washington -

John Adams -

John Adams was federalist, Jefferson was vice president when john adams was president.

Alien and Sedition Acts- These two laws were said to protect the United States but the federalists intended them to crush opposition to war.

Election- In the presidential election of 1800, Federalists John Adams and Charles C. Pinckney ran against Democratic-Republicans Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. Each party believed that the American republic’s survival depended upon the success of their candidates. With so much at stake, the election was hotly contested.

X, Y, Z- John Adams had the challenging task of following Washington as president. The people had adored Washington. Adams would have to work hard to win the people’s trust.

Marbury v Madison- This act created 16 new federal judgeships that President Adams filled with Federalists before leaving office. The Republican press called these people midnight judges, arguing that Adams had packed the judiciary with Federalists the night before he left office. Some of these appointments were made so late that the documents that authorized them had not been delivered by the time Adams left office. This led to controversy once Jefferson took office. William Marbury, named as a justice of the peace by President Adams, did not receive his documents before Adams left office. When Jefferson took office, Marbury demanded the documents. On Jefferson’s advice, however, the new secretary of state, James Madison, refused to deliver them. Jefferson argued that the appointment of the midnight judges was not valid.

Thomas Jefferson -

He is the 3rd President of the United States of America. He is a Dem-Republican and had many goals as Presidents were restore the principles of the American Revolution, He committed his administration to repealing taxes, slashing government expenses, cutting military expenditures, and paying off the public debt. After the 1800 Presidential Election, the 12th Amendment was adopted to fix a flaw in the Constitution that had allowed Thomas Jefferson to tie in the Electoral College with his vice presidential candidate Aaron Burr. The Embargo Act of 1807 was a law passed by the United State Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson on December 22, 1807. It prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports. ... Wasn't trade important for the country's economy? The most important thing about The Lewis & Clark Expedition was explorers found a waterway to the Pacific Ocean. It met the Nez Perce Indians and Sacagawea. It found and identified many species of animals and plants. And it discovered the terrain of the United States out to the west. One of his greatest accomplishments was the Louisiana Purchase he bought from Napoleon Bonaparte (France). Some pros are the Louisiana Purchase brought more land to Americans and the idea of Westward Expansion and New Orleans was one of the most important port cities in the U.S. at the time. The city allowed access to the Mississippi River, an important route for both transportation (of both troops and civilians) and shipping.. The cons of it was it produced more taxes and put us in a little more debts even though it was a bargain.

James Maddison -

James Madison was the 4th president for the United States he served from 1809-1817 (8 years) (republican)

He was a statesman and founding father

He established the Democrat-Republican Party with President Thomas Jefferson

War of 1812

James Maddison timeline

July 1812- The United States declared war against Britain

September 1813-The Battle of Lake Erie was fought on September 10,1813 it was a naval battle between the United States and Britain. The Americans had 9 vessels while the British had 6h

August 1814- In August 1814 there was a British attack against Washington, D.C. called Burning of Washington.

January 1815-The Battle of New Orleans was fought between January 8 and January 18

Treaty of Ghent- Was signed December 24, 1814 it was a peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom

Result of War- last battle between america and britain and elevated national pride.

James Monroe

Born in Virginia in 1758, elected as the 5th president in 1820.

He was a republican

When he was the king they called his term the era of good feelings and one of his most lasting achievements was the monroe doctrine

Monroe supported economic nationalism which is a body of policies that emphasize domestic control of the economy, labor, and capital formation

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