Intersectionality in the Civil Rights Movement Pauli Murray & other activists

• • •

Feminism in the Civil Rights movement

• Women played an important role

Played large role but not very recognized

• Men of the civil rights movement largely felt that bringing up sexism brought attention away from racism•

• Both black and white men were sexist

•National council of negro women

Betty Friedan and her novel “The Feminine Mystique,” published in 1963, brought about a resurgence of interest and dedication to furthering women’s rights and equality

• Maya Angelou was a prominent and influential figure in both the CIvil Rights and Feminism movement with her activism

Maya Angelou

• She is most well-known for her autobiography “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”

Famous women in the Civil Rights Movement

Dorothy Height

Jo Ann Robinson

Josephine Baker

LGBT+ in the Civil Rights Movement

• Black power, anti-vietnam, and women’s rights inspired the LGBT+ movements, which started at the end of the 60s

•The “Homophile Movement”, the LGBT movement from the end of WWII until the end of the 1960’s focused mainly on lobbying for social respectability and acceptance from governing political institutions

• Later activist groups of the ‘70’s would criticize the “Homophile Movement” for being too assimilationist

• The Stonewall Riots of 1969 are considered by many to be the starting event of the gay liberation and modern LGBT rights movement in the UNited States

Pauli Murray

• Born in 1910 in Baltimore

• Went to Hunter College in New York at the age of 16, earned a B.A. in English

• Went to law school at Howard University and graduated 1st in her class

• Denied post grad work at Harvard because of her gender

• 1977- became an ordained priest of the Episcopal Church

• Died in 1985

Pauli Murray and Black Rights

In 1938, Murray tried to enter University of North Carolina, an all white college. She was rejected because of her color.

In 1940, arrested for protesting bus segregation.

-Wrote books, essays, and poetry about racial injustice, including the poem “Dark Testament” (possibly its own slide or audio)

In the 1960s, worked with many African American civil rights leaders, critical of their male status

Pauli Murray in the Feminist Movement

  • Turned away from Harvard Law School
  • “Jane Crow and the Law: Sex Discrimination and Title VII”
  • Presidential Commision on the Status of Women
  • National Organization for Women

Pauli Murray and in LGBT+ Movement

  • Born “Annie Pauline Murray”
  • Challenged traditional gender and sexual roles
  • Desegregated a bus as “Oliver”
  • Muted Impact

The Price of Survival

Pauli Murray (and how she exemplified the previous three topics)

• Activism

• 1940 - bus situation in virginia

• Worker’s defense league

• Presidential Commision on the Status of Women

• National Organization for Women

• First black deputy attorney general in CA in 1945

• ”The Negro Woman and the Quest for Equality”

• "Jane Crow and the Law: Sex Discrimination and Title VII"

Created By
Erika Espinoza


Created with images by Elvert Barnes - "DorothyIHeight.BFRC.WDC.6sep97" • oakenroad - "Dancer Josephine Baker in a studio 4" • RobinAKirk - "Pauli Murray speaks"

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