There is all kinds of terminology used in typography. Legibility in text is how fast you can read text the simpler the font the more legible it is the more complex the font the harder it is to read. Fonts also convey what kind of emotion is coming from the text. a current trend is creating portraits of people using text.
Font also plays a big part in how people see your text and how they take in what is being said, Font is used to convey emotion a darker bigger bolder font usually conveys that whoever is talking is very powerful.
Kinetic Text means moving text this is used commonly in lyric videos for songs or for web page text or even credit scenes for movies.
Anamorphic is the exploration of the potential between typography and architecture. it is similar to an optical illusion because it makes the text look 3d through a distorted effect