Active voice- the subject does the action
- I created the castle.
- I swished the three-pointer.
- Ryan, my little brother, drew a dragon.
Passive voice- the subject receives the action.
- The castle was created by me.
- The three-pointer was swished by me.
- The dragon was drawn by Ryan, my little brother.
Perfect tense- is made of the verb have and a past progressive: Have+ Past Participle
Present tense: I have shot the basketball.
Past Tense: I had shot the basketball.
Future tense: I will have shot the basketball.
Progressive tense- Made of the verb be and a present participle.
Present tense- Ryan is running with the football.
Past tense- Ryan was running with the football.
Future tense- Ryan will be running with the football.
Indicative mood- used to state a fact or ask a question
- Ryan is talking to Santa.
- Are you scared of Santa?
Imperative mood- a verb used to give a command
Give me the toy car now!
Emphatic mood- a verb that gives special force to a simple verb (Do+Verb)
- I did like to ride on trains.
- I do like to eat at the Frosty Caboose
Subjunctive mood- used to express a demand or a recommendation after "that". It can also express a wish or a contrary-to-fact condition. Subjunctive trumps all other moods.
Demand- I must insist that Donald Trump is our President Elect.
Recommendation- I recommend that you stop protesting against Trump.
Uncertainty- Whether or not you protest, I'm going to let Donald Trump win.
Wish or desire- I wish people would stop protesting Trump already.
Contrary-to-fact condition- If no one was protesting Trump, the transition of power would be easier.