Permian Olivia Gallt, Ainsley Ludema, and Devin Foote

  • 299 to 251 million years ago, last period of the Paleozoic Era
  • Took up almost 1.06% of geologic time
  • "Age of Amphibians"

Period- Permian, Era- Paleozoic, Eon- Phanerozioc, Epochs of the period- Iopingiah, Guadalupain, and Cisuralian

  • All the world's land masses joined together into a single supercontinent, Pangea
  • Largest landmass since Rodina
  • Formed 270 mya
  • Dominant plants and animals
  • Trilobites
  • Dragonflies
  • Primitive cockroach
  • First seed-bearing plants, include conifers and gingko
  • Synapsids, eventually led to mammals.
  • Sauropsids, ancestors of the reptiles, including dinosaurs and birds.
  • Ended with largest mass extinction in history of life on earth
  • Called the Great Dying or the Permian-Triassic Extinction (251 mya)
  • 50% of all animal families
  • 95% of all marine species
  1. Volcanic activity
  2. Comets and meteors
  3. Alteration of carbon cycle
  4. Explosion of methane
  • Organisms that survived
  • Beetles
  • Small Sharks
  • Several Groups of reptiles
  • Early permian was in an ice age
  • As permian went on, climate grew warmer
  • The new climate changed a lot between tropical, arid, and dry

Plants with seeds developed, replacing the swamp plants, Time of coral reef building

Kazlev, Alan M. "The Permian Period: 1." Permian: The Permian Period. N.p., 1 Jan. 2009. Web. 16 Mar. 2017.

Bagley, Mary. "Permian Period: Climate, Animals & Plants." LiveScience. Purch, 07 Feb. 2014. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

"The Permian Period." The Permian Period. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

Raloff, Janet. "How Sharks Survived the 'Great Dying'." Science News for Students. N.p., 23 Sept. 2015. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

"Permian Concepts." Permian Concepts. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

Bagley, Mary. "Permian Period: Climate, Animals & Plants." LiveScience. Purch, 07 Feb. 2014. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by James St. John - "Ellipsocephalus hoffii fossil trilobites (Jince Formation, Middle Cambrian; vicinity of Jince, Stredocesky Region, Bohemia, Czech Republic) 1" • James St. John - "Paradoxides minor fossil trilobite (Jince Formation, Middle Cambrian; Jince area, Bohemia, Czech Republic) 3" • Archbob - "Seymouria Baylorensis" • sstair - "PHOTO 077" • U.S. Geological Survey - "Sipapu Natural Bridge" "Permian." Permian. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017. "Permian Concepts." Permian Concepts. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017. "A Deadly Climb From Glaciation to Hothouse — Why the Permian-Triassic Extinction Is Pertinent to Human Warming." Robertscribbler. N.p., 12 Aug. 2013. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

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