The FBI categorizes four types of Workplace Violence:
TYPE 1: Violent acts by criminals who have no other connection with the workplace, but enter to commit robbery or another crime.
TYPE 2: Violence directed at employees by customers, clients, patients, students, inmates, or any others for whom an organization provides services.
TYPE 3: Violence against coworkers, supervisors, or managers by a present or former employee.
TYPE 4: Violence committed in the workplace by someone who doesn’t work there, but has a personal relationship with an employee—an abusive spouse or domestic partner.
The OSHA General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) states: Employers are required to provide their employees with a place of employment that "is free from recognizable hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious harm”. After the active shooter incident at Accent Signage Systems, case law from Hennepin County, Minnesota in 2013 broadened the term “recognizable hazards” to include the active shooter threat.
Pending OSHA Workplace Violence Compliance Legislation
In November 2018, The Workplace Violence Prevention for Health Care and Social Service Workers Act, H.R. 7141 was introduced in Congress. The Act directs the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to issue a standard requiring health care and social service employers to write and implement a workplace violence prevention plan to prevent and protect employees from violent incidents.
Workplace Violence Incident #1: On January 20, 2015, at about 11:00 a.m., Stephen Pasceri, opened fire at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. Pasceri targeted Dr. Michael Davidson, a cardiovascular surgeon who he believed responsible for the death of his mother. After killing Dr. Davidson, Pasceri committed suicide.
Workplace Violence Incident #2: On June 30, 2017, at 2:50 p.m., Dr. Henry Michael Bello, armed with a rifle, began shooting inside the Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center in Bronx, New York. He was a former employee who resigned in 2015 in anticipation of being fired. In order to access the hospital, Dr. Bello was dressed in a white lab coat and used his old identification badge to bypass security. One person was killed and six were wounded in the shooting. Dr. Bello committed suicide before law enforcement arrived.
Preparedness Without Paranoia® provides education and training for individuals to gain a heightened situational awareness and understanding of today's multidimensional threat environment, recognize telltale signs of an evolving threat, and become empowered to take effective action without hesitation. By replacing confusion with clarity, we mitigate the unseen costs of what has become a national crisis-immeasurable health, social, and economic consequences. The approach is non-tactical by design.
G.O.T. Preparedness™ is designed to provide educational and training resources for individuals and organizations to prepare for, respond to, and recover from active threat situations which introduce fear and uncertainly in areas where we work, where we learn, where we worship, where we travel, where we serve, and where we play.