It Is amazing how inter-connected the world's cultures are. In Paris, in the window of an art gallery, we found early twentieth century photos of Chinese faces, as part of an exhibit of oriental art. How did they get here? Were they refugees from hunger, war, or lack of opportunity?
Are we all refugees, trying to convert space to place? It seems refugees do not talk about time so much as space. Spatial conceptions and values transcend the arbitrariness of culture ( Tuan, 1979).