Limits and Regulations on The Conservation of Wildlife Cody Mattson

Year round people are enjoying and are participating in sports and activities outdoors. Although sports are for fun and recreation, there are some rules thatrules exist for we people all have to follow while participating. In Basketball you can’t go out of bounds and in football you cannot hold onto other player’s jerseys. Just like in basketball and football, hunting and fishing have their own set of rules that we must follow in order to have the privilege to harvest animals legally. In this paper I am going to cover a few of the rules and regulations for hunting and fishing and explain the impact that each rule and regulation have on hunting and fishing

First, fishing is an activity that many Americans participate in year round whether it be ice fishing or out on a boat. There are plenty of different species of fish to catch including: Largemouth Bass, Sun fish, Cat fish, and Northern Pike. Each of these different types of fish have their own limitations on how many you can keep at one time for a day of fishing. Typically, there are more sun fish and other pan fish species in a lake compared to a bigger game fish such as Largemouth Bass or Northern Pike. Due to the difference in quantities of fish, there are different rules and regulations pertaining to each species. Most lakes for that haveof pan fish have the same limit on how much you can keep, which is usually 25 per person. Northern and Bass on the other hand are more strictly regulated on how many a person can keep. Northern pike is not like most fish when it comes to keeping them for mounting or for eating because they usually have a slot limit. A slot limit is a rule set by the Department of Natural Resources to ensure that people cannot keep fish between a certain length. A Slot slot limit is in place for the sole purpose of allowing the bigger fish to spawn or birth eggs and to ensure that the quantity of these fish do not go below a certain level. Pan fish do not have a size limit that they have to meet before you can keep the fish, but it is ethical if you let goto release the fish that are too small to fillet. Research from the Kansas Department of Natural Resources states that while slot limits are in place, the population of fish will continue to rise. Furthermore, paPan fish and other bait fish species are what most of the bigger game fish eat. When the DNR decides to stock lakes, full of fish they usually will stock smaller fish that the game fish will feed on.

Alternatively, the DNR limited fisherman on what they are allowed to do with the fish after they catch them. If a fisherman decides when they get home that they do not want to keep the fish that they kept, they are required to bring the fish back to the exact same lake that the fish came from. The reason that this is a requirement from the DNR is that the DNR wants to reduce the spread of invasive species among fish. Additionally, the DNR on most boat launches for lakes have signs posted that the fisherman need to have their boat cleaned off completely before leaving the boat launch. The reason for these signs is to attempt to control the amount of invasive species transferred from lake to lake. Invasive species such as zebra mussels spread extremely fast and have vast impacts on lakes and rivers. Zebra mussels have a huge negative impact for the worse on most freshwater eco systems. They Zebra mussels canwillThis invasive species drastically lowers the amount of plankton that are available for fish to eat, . Zebra musselsand are also a determining factor for the grade of water contained in lakes and rivers. Although Not only do Zebra Mussels have an impact on fish, they also have an impact on humans. Zebra mussels have a sharp shell that could potentially harm a human if they come in contact with them.

In addition, fishing also has rules regarding when and how you are able to catch certain fish. Just like deer hunting, fFishing has seasons in which you are allowed to keep fish and are allowed to catch them. The Largemouth Bass fishing season opens in Wisconsin on May 1st each year and will go through the Winter through via ice fishing. There are Mmultiple reasons exist for why you cannot keep certain fish at particular times, but one reason outweighs most others by a landside, and that is spawning season. Typically, around the beginning of spring, Largemouth Bass along with other game fish and Pan fish will lay their eggs. The ending of the fishing season allows for the fish to spawn properly in order to maintain the amount of fish that are present in lakes. In relation to the season of fish ending, the license that a person has to purchase in order to fish also expires each year on March 31st. The reason people are required to purchase a fishing license is that the DNR and the state needs funding in order to keep the lakes stocked full ofwith fish.

Moving forward, the sport of hunting has been practiced by many outdoorsmen for leisure as well as to put food on the table for many years. Last year in Wisconsin alone there were more than 600,000 thousand people who purchased a gun hunting license and almost 240,000 hunters who purchased an archery license (Department of Natural Resources). Although the amount of hunters is on the rise, the amount of deer in Wisconsin is on the decline. Wisconsin has a problem with one of the Whitetail Deer’s most feared predator, the Timber wolf. In 2015, the deer population was down 19% before hunting season due to the vast amount of tTimber wolves living in Wisconsin. Because of the deer population being massively affected by these predators, the amount of doe tags distributed were limited to certain counties throughout the state. According to the Wisconsin DNR, the amount of wolves that were present in Wisconsin in the year 2014 was at a record high (Department of Natural Resources). The implementation of limits on doe tags restricts the amount of deer, hunters are allowed to harvest. Doe tag restrictions are necessary because of this problems with Wolves and other predators in order to get the population back to where it is supposed to be. Before the deer population started to suffer due to the wolves, hunters used to have both options of being able to shoot a doe and a buck. After the hunter filled his first doe tag he could then go and buy another one for a small fee and if he fills that tag he could continue to buy more doe tags. In order to solve the problems with Timber Wolves in Wisconsin the DNR allowed hunters to apply for a Timber Wolf hunting tag during the 2012 hunting season. In the three years that the DNR decided to allow hunters to hunt wolves there were as many aswere a whopping 528 wolves harvested. As aIn result of the Wolf hunt, the amount of deer that are present in Wisconsin is on a steady incline. Had the DNR not allowed for the Wolf hunt to occur, the deer population would be on a steady decline and the wolf population would continue to rise as they have; a minimum of 27 percent% reproduction outcome each year.

Most people when they are preparing for deer huntingWhen preparing for deer hunting, most people will set up food plots and deer feeders that will usually contain ing corn or minerals. During the cold seasons of the year, deer and most other animals struggle to find food. Deer hunters provide deer with corn and minerals to prevent them from going hungry and to give them good nutrition to improve the size of their antlers. Recently the DNR put a restriction on the amount of corn and the kinds of minerals you can put out for the deer to eat. In the state of Wisconsin, you are only allowed to put out 3 gallons of corn at a time per feeder. Also in the state of Wisconsin, hunters are no longer permitted to use mineral blocks as they are believed to be used as “baiting deer”. The DNR is cracking down on the rules of baiting and feeding deer because of the spread of a disease infecting many deer and their new born fawns. CWD, or also known as Chronic wasting disease, is a disease that is spread mostly within the deer population and it is very contagious. The disease will causes deer to act crazy and will slowly deteriorate their brains and could, potentially eventually causinge death if the disease becomes serious. Even though itthe disease is very hard to cure considering the deer are unable to take medicine, the DNR is doing all they can to prevent the spread of the disease.

Furthermore, just like there are limits for deer and other big game, waterfowl and bird hunting have regulations and limits to hunting them as well. Pheasants, ducks, geesoose, and grouse all have different regulations for the amount you can keep per person at one time. In the state of Wisconsin, a pheasant hunter is only allowed to shoot three3 pheasants a day due to the decreasing population of pheasants. In addition to a hunter only able to shoot three3 pheasants, the hunter is only allowed shoot male pheasants. If caught shooting female pPheasants a hunter will receive a fine and possibly have their hunting licenses revoked for several years. Only allowing hunters to shoot male pPheasants allows for the population of pPheasants to increase. Groups such as Ducks Unlimited and Pheasants Forever are organizations pushing toward improving duck and pheasant hunting by maintaining populations of the two. The problem that pheasant’s face with decreasing population are similar to what deer are going through;, they have a problem with predators. The fisher, coyote, and fox are all major predators of the pheasant.

Furthermore, Mmost people are aware that the substance lead can be dangerous when interacted with. Back when guns and ammunition were first developing and being mass produced, manufactured the main ingredient to produce ammunition was lead. In the year 1991, a nation wide ban on the use of lead ammunition for waterfowl hunting was implemented. The reason why lead was a more favored substance for a shotgun shell vs. steel shot is the difference in knockdown power between the two. If in the case that a hunter was to wound a waterfowl bird and not kill it, the bird had a very good chance of developing lead poisoning. Considering sShot shells are made up of several hundred BB’s, whatever did not hit the bird would go in the direction of where the shooter was aiming. Some birds use rocks and other minerals to help digest food. If a bird would consume a lead BB they would become very sick and could also be lethal for them.potentially die. Steel shot on the other hand is a safer method of harvesting birds for the sake of the environment. If a bird was to consume a steel BB they would not suffer from poison as if they would consume lead shot. The government felt a ban on the use of lead shot was important to the species of birds we are allowed to hunt. Even though lead shot cannot be used for hunting waterfowl, people are still allowed to purchase lead shells for target practice.

In conclusion, limits of the conservation of wildlife are necessary for the sake of the species we are privileged to hunt and fish. Limits of how many fish you can keep, birds you can shoot, and deer you can harvest, drastically effect the population of wildlife for the better. As a community we need to preserve and respect the laws put in place for the species we are allowed to hunt. In order for the two sports to stick around, these limits and regulations must be strictly enforced.

I’ve never hunted before, so this paper was very informational for me. I find wildlife conservation fascinating, and you did a great job explaining it! My only concern is your inconsistent use and placement of capital letters on animal names.

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