Interwar Period By Ashli dahler

All Countries
  • Some look to science to help support disillusion with the world
  • Farmland as well as entire cities of the North lay in ruins as a result of the battles of WWI
  • Movies become big entertainment
  • Three waves of influenza pandemic hit
Flappers
  • Women start wearing hair and skirts shorter and start hanging in jazz clubs. The "flappers"
  • Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world
  • Post war prosperity crashes
  • People in early post war era live in the moment, not planning on future
England
  • Outdated factories and "replaced" as industrial leader by Japan and America
  • Ramsay MacDonald, leader of the Labour Party in the political area
Easter Rising
  • Easter Rising: revolt against their government in an attempt to gain independence but resulted in executions of many of the movements leaders
  • IRA terrorist group fights for their independence
  • Violence played a major role in politics
America
  • Black Tuesday, Oct. 29, 1929: because of speculation, stock market crashed plunging the nation into despair
  • Led by Herbert Hoover in the early stages of the depression years, later led by FDR
Social Security Act
  • Social Security Act of 1935 provided unemployment and old-age benefits
  • New Deal: a series of reforms in an attempt to drag their country out of the depression
France
  • Wartime alliance with Italy comes to an end
  • Spent large amount of money to fortify borders with the Maginot Line
Locarno Pact
  • Signed a mutual assistance treaty with Czechoslovakia and Poland
  • The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany
Germany
  • Leader known as der Fuhrer
  • His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status
  • Secretly began to rebuild and rearm the army
  • Nazi Party leader Adolph Hitler becomes Chancellor & begins the Third Reich
  • The Weimar Republic was the federal government established after the war, however it proved to be weak and ineffective
  • Open violation of the Treaty of Versailles when he marched his troops into the Rhineland
  • The Beer Hall Putsch was an attempt to oust the government. The future leader of the country was involved and jailed for his involvement
Mein Kampf
  • Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes
  • The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany
  • In a book by the future leader of the country known as Mein Kampf, his racial superiority theory was laid out
  • Violence played a major role in politics
  • Aryan racial superiority became an obsession of the state
  • A single political party dominated by a single man
  • No concern for human rights
Italy
  • His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status
  • Fascist leader known as Benito Mussolini, also known as II Duce, rises to power
  • Symbol of country is Roman axe bundled tightly with rods
  • To help rid the country of the communists his party staged the burning of the Reichstag building and blamed the communists
  • Youth fellows, known as "Sons of the Wolf"
Fascist Doctrine
  • Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes
  • His "Black Shirts" broke up strikes, intimidated workers, and drove elected socialist from office
  • The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany
  • Violence played a major role in politics
  • A single political party dominated by a single man
  • No concern for human rights
Soviet Union
  • New Economic Plan kept heavy industry, communications, transportation, and credit systems under government control
  • The 5-year plan resulted in decreased agricultural output and many starve
  • Vladimir Lenin rose to lead the country
  • Became a command economy in which government controlled all economic decisions
  • ALL religion was discouraged and in many cases banned all together
  • The death of Lenin led to a power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Stalin will win the fight
  • The “purge” rid the country of party members suspected of being disloyal
Vladimir Lenin and Marxism
  • Agriculture grouped to form collective farms and people worked together to bring in the crops using the scarce farm machinery
  • Had a five year plan to increase industrial, agricultural output and turn them into modern industrial giant
  • Million of citizens were sent to gulags which were brutal labor camps in the barren area known as Siberia
  • Violence played a major role in politics
  • A single political party dominated by a single man
  • No concern for human rights
  • Said it would end all class division like the teachings of Karl Marx

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