RELIGION: 1) The Puritans were a widespread and diverse group of people who took a stand for religious purity in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries in Europe. 2)Their rise was directly related to the increased knowledge that came to the common people in the Age of Enlightenment. 3) As people learned to read and write, and as the Bible became more accessible to commoners, many began to read the Bible for themselves (a habit that was strongly discouraged in the established church)
The coastline of Massachusetts and its offshore islands are remnants of the last Ice Age.
That jagged, and rockbound Atlantic Ocean coastline is a mixture of bays, inlets, sandy beaches, odd-shaped islands - all ending in granite cliffs in the far north.
Eastern Massachusetts is mostly flat, comprised of low hills, small lakes, streams and rivers.
Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focused on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum
In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.
Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.