These are the simple steps of the scientific method.
The scientific method is the most well known way to go through an experiment, observe, and answer questions. When scientists don't know specific information, they go through a series of steps known as the scientific method, to answer their questions that they may have. In this lesson, we will use shattering modern day backboards in basketball as a demonstration of going through the scientific method.
The first step of the scientific method is to ask a question. What information are you trying to gain? What do you want to know? For us, is shattering backboards really possible?
Questions such as who, what, when, where, why. how, did, if, and is - are all good examples of posing a question in the scientific method. Be specific with the question. Have backboards been shattered before? If so, how? What is the difference between modern day backboards and the backboards they used before now?
The second step of the scientific method is to research your topic that you are going to be experimenting with. You need to dig up prior information that would be good to know going into the experiment.
Look up and write down interesting things that apply to your question. (Has a backboard ever been shattered before? Yes, they have been shattered in games.) This would lead to more research on how, who, and when.
The third step of the scientific method is to form a hypothesis. You are writing down what you think will happen as you go through the experiment. What do you think will happen that answers your question?
Our example of a hypothesis for shattering backboards would be, "shattering backboards is possible if you produce enough force on the rim."
Now it is time to test our experiment in the fourth step of the scientific method. You will set up an experiment to test your hypothesis and question. There will be multiple steps in this part of the scientific method.
For our experiment, we would want to bring in the biggest and best dunkers. Have one of the modern day basketball goals set up to ready to be dunked on. Set the number of attempts and have different trials for the people to dunk on.
The fifth step of the scientific method is to come to a conclusion. Was your hypothesis right or wrong? What were the results of your experiment? What happened?
Were any of the basketball players able to shatter a backboard? What happened?
The sixth and final step of the scientific method is to report and communicate your results. Other people would like to know your information and results of your experiment. Scientists across the world use the scientific method, and the last step is one of the most important steps. When experiments are finished, they communicate their results so the information is passed along.
If they were or weren't able to shatter a backboard, you should tell other people so that they know it was or wasn't able to break. They may try different dunkers and different scenarios to try it again. Some may just accept the information and move along.
The scientific method is the best way for scientists of all ages, countries, and roles to share and communicate their ideas tested out. This method will be around for ages to come and has a very easy way of remembering if you follow these steps. You should now know the steps of the scientific method and how to go through it!