The US constitution stated the basic right of citizens of the US. It also established America's national government and the fundamental laws. They began writing the constitution in the beginning of March and finished writing it by September. They official signed the US constitution on September 17th, 1787.
The government derives its political authority from the people in popular sovereignty. First, popular sovereignty illustrates the power of Americans over the government. In the Preamble of the Constitution it says "We the people" which implies that people are the source of governments power. Also, the Preamble says that the government has its power because of the people and wouldn't have the power they have without the people.
Limited government keeps government from getting to powerful. First, in a limited government the government is not above the law. Next, in Article I, Section 6, Clause 1 it says that the officials of the government can only have one position in government at a time. Also, in Article I, Section 9, Clause 7 it limits the distribution of money. In addition, they limited the government by creating the House of Representatives and Senate.
Separation of Powers
The Constitution made three branches which was called the separation of powers. One branch was the legislative branch, which made the laws. Another branch was the executive branch, which enforces the laws. The last branch was the judicial branch, which interprets the laws. Also in Article I, Section 6, Clause 2 states that no Senator or Representatives can be appointed to any Civil office under the US. In addition in Article I, Section 7, Clause 3 says that every vote that the Senate and House of Reps thinks are necessary need to be presented to the President.
Federalism divides power between the state and the federal government. First, Article I, Section 10, Clause 1,2 and 3 state what state government can and cant do. Also, it forbids states from taxing imports and exports , keeping an army or navy, and making treaties or declaring war unless being invaded. In addition, Article I, Section 10, Clause 1 states that some powers denied to the federal government are also denied to the states. In conclusion, Federalism keeps either side from getting too powerful by limiting each other.