An alliteration is "the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words."
For example: Lucy Loves Little Luscious Lilly's.
An allusion is "an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference."
For example: THe girl with blond hair, blue eyes, red and purple nails, and a blue jacket was the first to finish her class work.
Metaphor is an is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
He was as load as a bull in a library.
Simile is a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.
For example: The boy was a bull in a library.
Personification is the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
For Example: The chair ran away from the person trying to sit on it.
Hyperbole is exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
For Example: The clock moved one minute ever hour in math class.
Idiom is a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words.
For Example: There is no use in betting a dead horse.