Congo Tropical Rainforest By: Jake maroney

Climate

  • The average rainfall is 58 inches.
  • The average temperature is 77 degrees fahrenheit.
  • Tropical rainforests grow only in areas where rainfall, temperatures and humidity is high throughout the year. With the Equator running through the country, the Congo Basin climate is warm and humid; with two main seasons: one long rainy season and a dry season with slightly less rains.

Primary Productivity

  • Tropical Rainforest has one of the highest net primary productivity at 9,000.
  • Also one of the highest kilocalories per square meter per day at 25.
  • It Growing season of frost free nights are all year round.
  • The rainfall per year is around 60 inches.
  • Tropical Rainforests cover 11% of the earth.

Soil Quality

The area is heavily coarse grained soils, about 60% contains sand and gravel, with the lower lying areas having a high level of iron and aluminum oxides. The soils are rich and heavy, as organic matter decomposes rapidly because of the hot and humid climate, and also topsoil is washed away regularly by rains.

Invasive and Endangered

Invasive Species:

Bokassa grass is an invasive shrub native to North America. It is one of the most problematic invasive species in the Congo rainforests. Was put here on purpose people can use Bokassa for cannabis use.

Endangered Species:

Okapi have been caught up in civil conflict and ravaged by poverty for nearly two decades, leading to widespread degradation of okapi habitat and hunting for its meat and skin.

Animals in the Congo Tropical Rainforest

Cross River Gorilla began to evolve into a distinct subspecies of the Gorilla during an arid period of the African Pleistocene phase in response to declining food sources and a greater emphasis on herbivory and terrestrial behaviors. the subspecies has started fighting back against possible threats from humans. They "found several instances of gorillas throwing sticks and clumps of grass". It's very unusual for this type of species to have these behaviors. When encountered by humans, gorillas usually flee and rarely charge.

Chimpanzees are apart of the genus Pan which is part of the subfamily Homininae, to which humans also belong. They are a very intelligent species, and have a lot of characteristics that humans do.

African Elephant have four molars; each weighs about 5 kg (11 lb) and replace their teeth four to six times in their lifetime. This allows these elephants to be able to eat a wide variety of food and always being able to eat. Some animals aren't able to replace their teeth and therefore die of starvation since they can't their chew food.

Plants in the Biomes

Okoumé Trees a light-demanding species which requires full sun to grow well. A mature okoumé tree may produce up to 20,000 seeds

Caesalpiniaceae trees mainly trees distributed in the moist tropics, but include such temperate species as the honeylocust. The flowers are in racemes, spikes or cymes, are zygomorphic, and are mostly weakly to strongly perigynous.

African Teak is found in the drier parts of semi-deciduous forests. Timber from this tree is used for boat building, joinery, flooring and decorative veneers. Although it is endangered, African teak is still considered a better alternative to other threatened teaks within the timber industry.

Credits:

Created with images by USA-Reiseblogger - "usa america tree"

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