Shakespeare's Life By: Melmar Almodiel

Intro:

Shakespeare influenced the world through his early, middle, and later life. During Shakespeare's early life, he began to learn language arts. In his middle life he began working as an actor and play writer. In his later life, he started to become famous for his works. Shakespeare is influencing the world today.

Shakespeare's Early Life:

Quote 1: "Stratford-upon-Avon is a quiet English market town famous as the birthplace of William Shakespeare. It is one of the oldest towns in England. It lies in the green valley of the River Avon. High-peaked Old English-style houses line its narrow streets. It is the largest town in the district of Stratford-on-Avon "(Mountfield). This quote shows that Shakespeare was not born rich. Shakespeare was still successful later on in his life.

Quote 2: "Beginning at about the age of 7, William probably attended the Stratford grammar school with other boys of his social class. The school’s highly qualified teachers were graduates of Oxford University. Students spent about nine hours a day in school" (Lander). This quote shows that Shakespeare was in a good school. Regardless of Shakespeare's financial problems, he still went to a highly qualified school.

Quote 3: "His father, John Shakespeare, was successful in the leather business during Shakespeare's early childhood but later met with financial difficulties.William Shakespeare was born in the small market town of Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, the third of eight children. The register of Holy Trinity, the parish church in Stratford, records his baptism on April 26. According to the custom at that time, infants were baptized about three days after their birth. Therefore, the generally accepted date for Shakespeare’s birth is April 23" (Lander). This quote shows how Shakespeare's dad was successful. Later on Shakespeare's childhood he deals with financial difficulties.

Quote 4: "The Shakespeare's were a family of considerable local prominence. In 1565, John Shakespeare became an alderman. Three years later, he was elected bailiff (mayor), the highest civic honor that a Stratford resident could receive. Later, he held several other civic posts" (Lander). This quote shows how Shakespeare's dad became successful. John Shakespeare dealt with financial problems a year earlier. This quote is significant because he became successful again.

Shakespeare's Middle Life:

Quote 5: "At the age of eighteen, he married Anne Hathway, who was eight years older than he was. Sometime after birth of their second and third children (twins), Shakespeare moved to London, apparently leaving his family in Stratford." (Anderson 777). This quote is significant because it shows how he left his family. Shakespeare went to London where he starts his career.

Quote 6: "In 1582 Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, eight years his senior and pregnant at the time of the marriage. They had three children: Susanna, born in 1583, and twins, Hamnet and Judith, born in 1585. We know that several years later, by 1592, Shakespeare had already become an actor and a playwright." (Anderson). This quote is significant because it shows his marriage and children. This quote shows how he started his career after having twins.

Quote 7: "Nothing is known of the period between the birth of the twins and Shakespeare's emergence as a playwright in London (c.1592). However, various suggestions have been made regarding this time, including those that he fled Stratford to avoid prosecution for stealing deer, that he joined a group of traveling players, and that he was a country schoolteacher. The last suggestion is given some credence by the academic style of his early plays; The Comedy of Errors, for example, is an adaptation of two plays by Plautus" (William). This quote is significant because it is a mystery of what happened between the birth of Shakespeare's children and the start of Shakespeare's career. There are only two theories that take place during this time.

Quote 8: "The Lord Chamberlain’s Men were one of the most popular companies in London. In large part because of Shakespeare’s talents, they would go on to become the dominant company in England during the late 1500’s and early 1600’s. Shakespeare’s position as sharer allowed him to achieve a level of financial success unmatched by other dramatists of the age, many of whom lived in poverty. Most playwrights were free-lancers who were paid a one-time fee for their plays and usually worked for several companies. After 1594, Shakespeare maintained a relationship with a single company. His first poems. From mid-1592 to 1594, London authorities frequently closed the theaters because of repeated outbreaks of plague. Without the income provided by acting and playwriting, Shakespeare turned to poetry. In 1593, Venus and Adonis became the first of Shakespeare’s works to be published. The publisher was Richard Field, a native of Stratford who may have known Shakespeare in childhood. As was customary at the time, Shakespeare dedicated his volume to a noble patron, in this case Henry Wriothesley, the Earl of Southampton. Venus and Adonis proved to be extremely popular and was reprinted at least 15 times in Shakespeare’s lifetime" (Rogers). This quote is significant because it shows how Shakespeare was becoming successful. This quote also shows how he added a new career after the low income of his old career.

Shakespeare's Later Life:

Quote 9: "Throughout the 1590’s, Shakespeare’s reputation continued to grow. From 1594 to 1608, he was fully involved in the London theater world. In addition to his duties as a sharer and actor in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, he wrote an average of almost two plays a year for his company. During much of this period, Shakespeare ranked as London’s most popular playwright, based on the number of times his plays were performed and published. But his reputation was largely that of a popular playwright, not of a writer of unequaled genius" (Lander). This quote shows how Shakespeare started gaining reputation. He was very successful in his group and he became the most popular playwright in London.

Quote 10: "Of the dramatists active in London when Shakespeare began his playwriting career, presumably in the late 1580s, the majority were university men: John Lyly, Robert Greene, Thomas Nashe, George Peele, Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Lodge. Lyly, Nashe, and Lodge were gentry, and it is noticeable that they were all three much less involved in the rough turmoil of the public theatres. (Lyly wrote his subtle and beautifully fashioned plays for companies of boy actors performing for private audiences and at court.) They infused a new richness in poetry, subjects, and passions into the popular drama; they made the public plays literary without making them academic" (Rogers). This quote is significant because it shows how Shakespeare changed poetry and public plays. This quote also shows what the other dramatists were.

Quote 11: "It is sometimes said that the deaths of Greene, Marlowe, and Kyd in the early 1590s—all of them young when they died—left the playwriting field free for Shakespeare to occupy. He learned his trade among that remarkable group of dramatists, the ‘university wits’, and as he forged his own profoundly original drama their influence never abated. When at the age of forty-six or so he wrote The Winter's Tale, memories of Peele's Old Wives Tale of c.1590 were sharp in his mind.In 1592 severe outbreaks of the plague broke up playing in the public theatres for two years. It is not clear which company or companies Shakespeare had been attached to and had written for before this disaster of the plague years broke up the existing company formation. In 1594 Shakespeare appears with William Kempe and Richard Burbage as one of the leading men of a new company of actors under the patronage of Lord Hunsdon, the Lord Chamberlain. This became the most stable, the most prosperous, and the most famous acting company of its times. Shakespeare wrote for no other group" (Rogers). This quote is significant because its hows how public theaters stopped because of plague which affects Shakespeare and his company. Because of the plague, he turned his career into poetry.

Works Cited

Anderson, Robert. “William Shakespeare’s Life.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 776-77.

Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

Mounfield, Peter R. “Stratford-upon-Avon.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

Rogers, Pat, and Philip Edwards. “William Shakespeare.” Oxford Illustrated History of English Literature. 112. GB: Oxford University Press 1987, 1987. History Reference Center. Web. 5 Dec. 2016.

“William Shakespeare.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1-4. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016

Credits:

Created with images by tonynetone - "William Shakespeare" • Kieran Lynam - "Shakespeare's Globe" • D-Stanley - "Shakespeare`s Globe Theatre" • Andrew Girdwood - "Shakespeare's birth house" • Beinecke Flickr Laboratory - "[Commonplace book], [mid. 17th c.]" • Ben Sutherland - "Front cover of William Shakespeare's First Folio"

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