1.)What Greek letter symbolizes gay and lesbian activism:
2) What is a genderless term that can refer LGBT people?
3) When is National Coming Out Day?
a) October 11
b) November 12
c) October 1
d) November 21
4) In the Nazi concentration camps of WW II, homosexuals wore which symbol to identify them?
a) an "H" on a headband
b) a pink triangle attached to their clothing
c) an H attached to their clothing
d) a pink circle tattooed on their arm
Which term is sometimes used to include transsexuals, transvestites and cross-dressers?
a) Drag Kings/Queens
c) Gender Neutral
Sexual orientation is the term used to describe what gender(s) someone is sexually and/or romantically attracted to. Sexual orientation is different from gender and gender identity — how you feel about and express your gender. Sexual orientation is about who you are attracted to and want to have intimate relationships with.
- People who are attracted to members of the other gender often call themselves straight or heterosexual.
- People who are attracted to people of the same gender often call themselves gay or homosexual. Women who are gay may prefer the term lesbian.
- People who are attracted to both men and women, or people of any sex or gender identity, may call themselves bisexual.
- People whose attractions span across many different gender identities (male, female, transgender, genderqueer, intersex, etc.) may call themselves pansexual or queer.
- People who are unsure about their sexual orientation may call themselves questioning or curious.
- People who don't experience any sexual attraction for anyone may call themselves asexual.
Why do we keep saying "often" or "may"? Because some people don't think these labels describe them accurately. Some people don't like the idea of labels at all. Some people feel comfortable with certain labels and not others. It's up to you to decide how you want to label yourself, if at all.
Some people describe themselves as queer. Queer is an umbrella term for a variety of sexualities and gender identities, including lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, pansexuals, transgender people, and some intersex people. "Queer" has been used as a slur to hurt or insult people. Some people still find it offensive, but others feel like they've reclaimed the word and now use it with pride to identify themselves.
What Causes Sexual Orientation?
It’s not known what causes a person's orientation, but research shows that it's based on biological factors that are in place before birth. We do know that sexual orientation is often established before puberty. And although sexual orientation is usually set early in life, it may be fluid and shift over the course of a lifetime.
One thing is clear — sexual orientation is not a choice and cannot be changed.
What is "coming out"?
“Coming out” or “coming out of the closet” is a process of accepting and being open about being lesbian, gay, or bisexual. Coming out isn’t a one-time thing. Because many people assume that everyone they meet is straight, coming out can be a constant process.
What’s the Difference Between Sex and Gender?
It’s common for people to confuse biological sex and gender. Our sex only refers to our sexual anatomy and chromosomes. Our gender is our biological, social, and legal status as girls and boys, women and men. Each culture has standards about the way that people should behave based on their gender. For example, many cultures expect and encourage men to be more aggressive than women.
Our gender identity is our innermost feelings about our sex and gender. Some people have a gender identity that strongly conflicts with their biological sex — they are called transgender.
Transgender is a term that includes the many ways that people's gender identities can be different from the sex they were assigned at birth. There are a lot of different terms transgender people use to describe themselves. For example, sometimes the word transgender is shortened to just trans, trans*, or trans male/trans female. It's always best to use the language and labels that the person prefers.
Transgender people express their gender identities in many different ways. Some people use their dress, behavior, and mannerisms to live as the gender that feels right for them. Some people take hormones and may have surgery to change their body so it matches their gender identity.
When people's assigned sex and gender identity are the same, they're called cisgender.
How is a transgender identity different from sexual orientation?
People often confuse gender identity with sexual orientation. But being transgender isn't the same thing as being lesbian, gay, or bisexual. Gender identity, whether transgender or cisgender, is about who you ARE inside. Being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or straight describes who you're attracted to and who you feel yourself drawn to romantically, emotionally, and sexually.
A transgender person can be gay, lesbian, straight, or bisexual, just like someone who's cisgender. A simple way to think about it is: Sexual orientation is about who you want to be with. Gender identity is about who you are.
What is homophobia?
Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).
Homophobia hurt all of us. They can prevent LGB people from feeling safe and from living full lives. They can lead to job, housing, and health care discrimination and sometimes verbal abuse and even physical violence. Homophobia can cause feelings of depression, anxiety, and isolation. They can also lead to suicide. LGB youth are four times more likely to attempt suicide than their straight peers.
Transphobia is the fear, hatred, disbelief, or mistrust of people who are transgender, thought to be transgender, or whose gender expression doesn't conform to traditional gender roles. Transphobia can prevent transgender and gender nonconforming people from living full lives free from harm.
Transphobia can take many different forms, including
- negative attitudes and beliefs
- aversion to and prejudice against transgender people
- irrational fear and misunderstanding
- disbelief or discounting preferred pronouns or gender identity
- derogatory language and name-calling
- bullying, abuse, and even violence
Young people who experience transphobia at school sometimes stop going, which can affect your grades, friendships, and future plans. Some schools may have an anti-bullying and harassment policy, and some states have adopted a Safe Schools Law, which means that your school administrators are legally required to stop the harassment. If possible, find a teacher or adult who's an ally to LGBTQ students and ask for their help.