Sir Francis Bacon was a Renaissance statesman, philosopher, scientist, and more. Bacon was born in England on 22 January 1561, and he was the son of Sir Nicolas Bacon and his second wife, Lady Ann Cooke. At the age of twelve he was sent to study at Cambridge University p, and completed his studies in 1575. The next year, Bacon enrolled in Gray’s Inn, for a law program. Putting his studies on pause, Bacon worked for Sir Amyas Paulet, a British Ambassador, in Paris. After two years Bacon was forced to return to Italy due to the sudden passing of his father. A scarce inheritance from his father did not help his cause, so he turned to his uncle who did not help either. As of now, Bacon had no way to make a living, and was having major financial troubles.
Looking Up in Politics
Things turned around for Bacon, when in 1581 he got a job as a member of the Cornwall in the House of Commons. He then returned to Gray’s Inn to complete his studies, and in 1584, his political career was boosted even more. He became a part of Parliament, and held his place for over forty years. His success continued as he kept moving up in the political rankings. In 1617, he reached the position of his father, which was the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. A year later her then passed his father in the rankings, and his achievements became greater than his father’s. He eventually became Lord Chancellor, and in 1621, things started to go downhill.
Bribery and Persecution
Bacon was accused of accepting bribes, and was impeached from his position for becoming a corrupted political figure. Some conspiracies say that the whole thing was a set-up, to get Bacon out of his position. Bacon went through the trial, and was found guilty. He had to pay a fine of £40,000, and was sentenced to the Tower of London. His fine was lifted, and his sentence was reduced, and he only spent for days in prison. He lost his government position, and his good reputation of being a strong government official.
Science and Philosophy
Now retired due to his political collapse, he was able to work with another passion of his, the Philosophy of Science. Bacon’s goal was to change Natural Philosophy. He created a new outline for the sciences, focusing on the different methods used. Bacon’s new method used the steps, gathering data, thoroughly analyzing it, and conducting experiments, to get the answers for what he was looking for. Bacon wanted to share his ideas, and he went to his uncle, Lord Burghly, and Queen Elizabeth. Neither were a following Bacon and his new philosophies of science. Although, in 1620, Bacon published his first book of the Novum Organum Scientiarum. This helped him become the important figure in science that he is today.
Bacon had also been carrying out a writing career, and he was even writing for the court when he was still in the government. In 1597, he had written a collection of essays about the politics he had been through, and was later made bigger, and then published in 1625. Another important piece of his, The Advancement of Learning, was published in 1605. Although many of his pieces were unrelated, they all had one thing in common, and that was that they were all expressive of Bacon’s strive to change antiquated systems.
Death and Legacy
In 1626, while conducting an experiment with ice, Bacon caught a cold, which later turned into bronchitis. A week later, he passed away from the ailment. It is safe to say Bacon left his mark on the sciences and philosophies of today, as many of his works have influenced modern day studies.