Albert Einstein Theoretical Physicist

Albert Einstein
  • was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.
  • Born: March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany
  • Died: April 18, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, United States

Residence :

  • Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria (present-day Czech Republic), Belgium, United States .

Citizenship :

Subject of the Kingdom of Württemberg during the German Empire (1879–1896)[note 1]

  • Stateless (1896–1901)
  • Citizen of Switzerland (1901–1955)
  • Austrian subject of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1911–1912)
  • Subject of the Kingdom of Prussia during the German Empire (1914–1918)[note 1]
  • German citizen of the Free State of Prussia (Weimar Republic, 1918–1933)
  • Citizen of the United States (1940–1955)
Albert Einstein

(/ˈaɪnstaɪn/;[4] German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈaɪnʃtaɪn]; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).[1][5]:274 Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.[6][7] Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation").[8] He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "services to theoretical physics", in particular his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.[9]

Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led him to develop his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on general relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe.[10][11]

He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and, being Jewish, did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming an American citizen in 1940.[12] On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential development of "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" and recommending that the U.S. begin similar research. This eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein supported defending the Allied forces, but generally denounced the idea of using the newly discovered nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.

Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works.[10][13] On 5 December 2014, universities and archives announced the release of Einstein's papers, comprising more than 30,000 unique documents.[14][15] Einstein's intellectual achievements and originality have made the word "Einstein" synonymous with "genius".[16]

Albert Einstein:
Theories, Facts, IQ and Quotes

Albert Einstein profoundly changed how we think about space and time. Einstein’s teachers probably had no clue what a famous man he would one day become, but contrary to what you might read on some older web pages out there, he was a good student. At age 12 Einstein had taught himself geometry. And his grades were good, according to those who've studied his archives. [See also our overview of Famous Astronomers and great scientists from many fields who have contributed to the rich history of discoveries in astronomy.]

Here is a brief biography of Einstein:


At 16, Einstein is said to have failed an exam that would have let him train to become an electrical engineer. He left school apparently because he couldn't handle the strict discipline and authority. In 1905, Einstein got his Ph.D and wrote a paper on the topic now called the special theory of relativity.

And Einstein was more than just a mathematician and a theorist. He played the violin. He travelled widely. And he said some really interesting things. See quotes and more below...



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