TROJAN WAR By: Jonathan Bravo

WHat was the trojan war?

  • A war that broke out between the Acheans and City Of Troy
  • the war began after the abduction of Queen Helen of Sparta by the Trojan prince Paris.
  • Helen’s husband Menelaus convinced his brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, to lead an expedition to retrieve her.
  • Agamemnon was joined by the Greek heroes Achilles, Odysseus, Nestor and Ajax, and accompanied by a fleet of more than a thousand ships from throughout the Hellenic world.
  • They crossed the Aegean Sea to Asia Minor to lay siege to Troy and demand Helen’s return by Priam, the Trojan king.
  • The siege, punctuated by battles and skirmishes including the storied deaths of the Trojan prince Hector and the Achilles, that had lasted more than 10 years until the morning the Greek armies retreated from their camp
  • When night hit, a group of Greek warriors, led by Odysseus, climbed out and sacked the Troy from within.
  • Odysseus took 10 years to make the arduous and often-interrupted journey home to Ithaca recounted in the “Odyssey.”
  • Helen, two successive Trojan husbands were killed during the war,returned to Sparta to reign with Menelaus.
  • After death, some say she was exiled to the island of Rhodes, where a war widow had her hanged.

How did the war start and end?

  • The direct cause of this war was the beauty of Helen of Troy, daughter of the Greek god Zeus and Leda, the Queen of Sparta.
  • Helen was desired by all of the men in Troy
  • when she chose a husband, the King of Sparta made all men swear that they would accept Helen's choice of a husband and that they would also defend her if anyone tried to take her away from that man.
  • The ten year conflict, known forever as the Trojan War, began when three goddesses Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite asken the Trojan prince, PAris, to chose the most beautiful goddess between the three.
  • Each goddess tried to influence the prince, and in the end, he chose Aphrodite because she promised him his choice of the most beautiful women.
  • Paris then travelled to Sparta, where he stayed with Helen and her husband, King Menelaus of Sparta.
  • Helen, the most beautiful woman known to man was Paris's object of desire and he asked Aphrodite for her. helen, soon fell under the influence of Aphrodite and agreed to elope with Paris to Troy.
  • Menelaus, angered by the course of actions called upon the Greeks to help him return his wife back to Sparta, since the Trojans refused to return Helen.
  • The Greek warriors assembled 1,000 ships and sailed off to Troy.
  • For nine years, the battle was indecisive but in the tenth year Paris and Menelaus agreed to have their warriors face each other in a single combat with Helen as the judge.
  • the Greeks claimed victory in the Trojan War, Aphrodite helped Paris escape the enraged Menelaus by sweeping Paris away
  • To the displeasure of the native Greeks, the two were still able to live a very royal lifestyle.

Who were the major players in the war?

  • Odysseus; wise Greek warrior; thought of the Trojan horse
  • Aeneas;only surviving Trojan warrior
  • Diomedes; one of the greatest Greek warriors beside.
  • Achilles;the greatest greek warrior
  • Patroclus;Achilles best friend that was killed by Hector, which made Achilles start fighting again
  • Nestor;eldest Greek
  • Hecuba;queen of Troy
  • Protesilaus;first Greek to step on Trojan land
  • Ajax;one of the greatest warriors besides Achilles; when he did not recieve Achilles armor he went crazy, killed animals, and then killed himself
  • Agamemnon;Leader of the Greeks; brother of Menelaus
  • Helen;the face that launched 1,000 ships; Paris stole her from Greece and took her to Troy
  • Hector;prince of Troy; gretest Trojan warrior
  • Paris;stole helen from Greece; chose which goddess would recieve the golden apple; prince of Troy
  • Pandarus;shot an arrow at Menelaus when the war was about to end
  • Philoctetes;had Hercules bow and arrow which he killed Paris with
  • Menelaus;husband of Helen
  • Tyndareus;king of Sparta and husband of Leda; father of Helen
  • Cassandra;a prophetess in Troy during the Trojan War whose predictions were true but were never believed
  • Priam;King of Troy, father of Paris and Hector

How does the odyssey Relate to it?

  • The twentieth and early twenty-first centuries are marked by a number of movements: development of state power
  • development of advanced technologies
  • violence and mass slaughter, mass population growth,
  • new explorations of the world, rising spirits and loss of spirits.
  • You could link those to the Odyssey. Many warriors went to war. The wars took longer than thought, and some warriors took decades to get home.

Who is homer?

  • The Odyssey is Homer's epic of Odysseus' 10-year struggle to return home after the Trojan War.
  • While Odysseus battles mystical creatures and faces the wrath of the gods
  • Odysseus's most memorable quality is not his bravery or strength though he is brave and strong
  • He has cleverness
  • Ancient Greek tradition, as well as a study of the language and style of the poems, indicates that he probably lived and wrote in the ninth centuries B.C.
  • In ancient times, seven different cities claimed the honor of having been his birthplace.
  • Homer may have come from the island of Chios, on the western coast of Asia Minor
  • A family of the same name lived there and claimed him as an ancestor
  • it is highly that Homer was a native and resident of some part of Eastern Greece or Asia Minor, he used in his works is that of the Asian Greeks.

Links To Work

http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/trojan-war

https://quizlet.com/4706464/important-people-of-trojan-war-flash-cards/

http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/The_Myths/Trojan_War/trojan_war.html

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