North Africa is crossed by the TROPIC OF CANCER. The 90% of the territory is occupied by the Sahara Desert (slightly smaller than Europe and the biggest of the world within the sandy category) and is characterized by a hot and dry climate. In the South Region of Sahara, there are the following uplands: AHAGGAR, TASSILI MOUNTAINS and the TIBESTI. The area of North Africa also includes the Libyan Desert. The only river is the NILE. The region is made up of five states (see the map above), and the main cities are: RABAT, TUNIS, CAIRO, ALGIERS and TRIPOLI.
The 90% of the population is Muslim and they all speak Arabic. Other sponken languages are French and Berber dialects.
Econimic development: the economy has recently increased, but there are still many differences among people living in the cities and in countryside. Nowadays tourism is the pillar of the Morrocan economy which gives better job opportunities to the 40% of the population.
Nigeria is the most populated country of Africa and its population is young; the capital city is Abuja and the second most important is Lagos.
In Nigeria there are different ethnic groups: Hausa and Fulani who are Muslim; the other groups the Yoruba and the Ibo who are Christian. In addition to these main religions there are animist beliefs
The official language is English but every ethnic group has its own dialect; the 39% of the population is illiterate.
Borders, climate and rivers
South Africa is bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique to the North, by the Indian Ocean to the East and by the Atlantic Ocean to the West. It is four times as big as Italy and is divided in three main natural regions: plateaus, mountains and plains. The main rivers are the Orange and the Limpopo. Climate is temperate.
Demographics, religion and language
South Africa is a unique array of ethnic groups. The 9.6% of the population is represented by white descendants from English, Dutch and French colonists. The 78.5% is formed by black Bantu tribes while the remaining 12% is made up of San, Zulu tribes and a dense Asian community. Christianity is the most widespread religion and the 20% of the population is practicing Animism.