Silk Painting Glossary
Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.
The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.
Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.
The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.
Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.
Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.
Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.
A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.
The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.
Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.
A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.
The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.
The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.
The colors name. Example: red
The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.
The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.
-A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.
Acrylics- Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.
Additives- The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).
Background- The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.
Foreground- Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.
Intensity- Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.
Middle Ground- Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).
Mixed Media- An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.
Nonobjective- Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.
A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.
Chroma-The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.
Color relationships-Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary.
Color Wheel- A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors
Contrast-The differences in elements, opposites.Emphasis-The significance or importance given to an element of design.
Movement-Visual flow through the composition.
Pattern-Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.
Repetition-Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.Rhythm-The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.
Tint-A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.
Tjanting - A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.
Triad-The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.Value-The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.
Contour- The outline of a shape.
Cross-hatching- A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.
Focal Point- The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.
Horizon Line- In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.
Monochromatic- A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.
Monoprint- A print made from a plate that can be used only once.
Neutrals- A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)
Plate- In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.
Print- An artwork created by making an impression of a design.Print making- The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.
Relief Printing- A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.
Asymmetry- A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.
Balance- The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.
Collage- An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.
Composition- The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.
Elements of Design- Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.
Geometric Shape- Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.
Line- An element of art that refers to the continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.
Negative Space- Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.
Positive Space- Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.
Principles of Design- A design concept describing the ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)
Shape- A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.
Space- The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.
Symmetry- A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.