Australia is in between the Pacific and Indian Oceans in the Southern Hemisphere, which leaves it surrounded by water, away from other continents.
Australia was the last continent to be discovered besides Antartica. "Australia has been called “the Oldest Continent,” “the Last of Lands,” and “the Last Frontier"^1.
"The Aborigines of Australia were the first settlers in Australia. They came from Asia at least 40,000 years ago. They probably came by boats and walked across pieces of land that once bridged the continents"^2. Australians developed different by living in small groups and becoming nomads. They believed their ancestors die and became part of nature. In 1770, the first explorer came "British explorer James Cook landed on the east coast of Australia. He claimed the land for Britain. The British government used the country as a place to send prisoners. Soon, other settlers also came"^2. The British invading is similar as to what happened in Jamestown, how they came and took over, when they came they brought epidemic diseases that affected everyone.
Studies show that there was a huge genetic diversity among the tribes. "The study also revealed remarkable genetic diversity between Aboriginal people of the east and west of Australia. Dr Westaway said this could be connected to the last Ice Age around 30,000 to 20,000 years ago".3
Australian's invented the boomerang, it was used to hunt and when thrown it would come back to the hunter. Australians needed to hunt for their food similar to other cultures around the world, since they had no communication with any surrounding continents for trade, they had to rely on their small family groups for food.
1. "Australia." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2017
2."How Has History Affected the People of Australia and the Pacific Region? - Who Are the People of Australia and the Pacific Region?" JRank Articles. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.
3. ABC Science By Dani Cooper, Additional Reporting by Tom Forbes. "World-first Genome Study Reveals Rich History of Aboriginal Australians." ABC News. 21 Sept. 2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.