Guatemala guatemala


Their normal everyday clothes that they wear are like what we wear: pants, tee shirts, dresses etc. In some parts of Guatemala they wear traditional clothes. The traditional clothing worn in Guatemala is based on the native clothing worn by their Mayan ancestors called traje. Their clothes vary in style, and color based on location and language group. The colors consist of bold shades of red, blue, yellow and pink.


Guatemala is more humid and is hotter than the U.S. It also has more rainforests, and more tropical areas.


The flag of Guatemala has two colors: sky blue and white. The two sky blue stripes represent the fact that Guatemala is a land located between two oceans, and the sky over the country. The white signifies peace and purity. In the center of the flag is the Guatemalan coat of arms. It includes the quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala that symbolizes liberty. The parchment scroll bears the date of Guatemala's independence from Spain on 15 September 1821. The crossed rifles, indicates Guatemala's willingness to defend itself by force if need be. The bay laurel crown is the symbol for victory, and crossed swords represent honor.


The food in Guatemala consists of black beans, rice, and corn tortillas at every meal. At breakfast they have eggs, and black beans, rice, and corn tortillas. At lunch they have some kind of soup, and black beans, rice, and corn tortillas. At dinner they have some kind of meat with you guessed it, black beans, rice, and corn tortillas. They also eat many fruits at and between meals in Guatemala.

Population/ Cultural groups

In Guatemala, the population as of 2013 is 15.47 million. Half of the people all live in the capital city of Guatemala.

There are 23 distinct groups of Myans in Guatemala, but there are many more different cultures in Guatemala. Such as: The Sipakapense people, the Awakatek people, the Poqomchi' people, and many more.


The Guatemalan currency system uses quetzals. One quetzal equals 14 U.S cents. The economy in Guatemala is worse than the U.S. but not the worst in South America.


The government system in Guatemala is a democracy. The current president of Guatemala is Jimmy Morales.

History/ Independence

Guatemala gained its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. (Date on the Guatemalan flag)

Guatemala was home to the ancient civilization of the Maya. This was a powerful and advanced civilization that built many pyramids that we can still visit today. When the Europeans arrived in the 14th century, the Mayan civilization was already declining. Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado defeated the Maya in 1524 and the area became a Spanish colony. Due to natural disasters, Guatemala has had three different capital cities. The first was Ciudad Vieja which was destroyed by an earthquake and floods. The second was Antigua, which was also destroyed by earthquakes. The third capital was founded in 1776, Guatemala City which is still here today. Guatemala later Gained independence in 1821, and is now where it is today.


Spanish is the official language of Guatemala. As a first and second language, Spanish is spoken by 93% of the population. Guatemalan Spanish is the local variant of the Spanish language.


About half of the population are Catholics, or Protestants. A very small percentage don't believe, in god, or have a different belief.

Map of Guatemala

Guatemalan Slang

A person from Guatemala is called guatemalteco but the slang is chapin.

A person from El Salvador is called El Salvidoranyo but the slang is Guanco.

Mano means hand, but it also means good friend, or brother.

Mala onda means bad waves, but it also means not cool or not good.

Chambòn means someone that goofs off and doesn't do well.

Hìjole is expression of surprise.

Puchica is an expression of anger.

Chulo means that you think that a guy is cute. And Chula means you think that a girl is cute.


Created with images by marcoreyesgt - "leaves nature sun" • disoniador - "girl balloon plaza" • marcoreyes - "atitlan guatemala logo" • ottogarcia - "flag guatemala country" • juancarlucci - "fruit naranjas orange" • BelaMarie - "daisy butterfly yellow" • disoniador - "antigua guatemala ruins guatemala" • davidconcua - "antigua guatemala guatemala sunset" • DEZALB - "guatemala market masks" • Ana_J - "angel white heaven" • josephhill - "antigua guatemala architecture"

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