In 1914, Joyce published his first book, Dubliners, a collection of 15 short stories that he had been working on since 1904. Two years later, he published his first novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Joyce's writing style was unconventional and while they did not receive much recognition at first, his books caught the attention of the famous American poet, Ezra Pound, who praised him for his works.
At the start of World War I, Joyce and his family were forced to move to Zurich for the duration of the war. It was in Zurich that Joyce began to write his most famous book, Ulysses. After the war, Pound convinced Joyce to move to Paris where he lived for the next 20 years.
With the help of Sylvia Beach, an expat, Joyce published Ulysses in 1922. This novel takes place over the course of a single day in Dublin. It is centered around the character Leopold Bloom, as well as Stephen Dedalus and Molly Bloom. Ulysses is a modern retelling of Homer's The Odyssey. Ulysses was very controversial as it went deep into the mind of Leopold Bloom, which was often very shocking and lurid. The book was viewed as obscene and it was banned in the U.S as well as Great Britain for many years. Bootlegged copies of the book continued to reach people in these countries and Joyce's unconventional style of writing spread throughout Europe and America.