Dada Art was an art movement formed during the First World War in Zurich in negative reaction to the horrors and folly of the war. The art, poetry and performance produced by dada artists often uses satire. Dada artists felt the war called into question every aspect of a society capable of starting and then extending it. Dada artists goal was to destroy traditional values in art and to create a new art to replace the old.
Dada artists are known for their use of everyday objects that could be bought and presented as art with little manipulation by the artist. The use of these objects forced questions about artistic creativity and the definition of art and its purpose in society. Dadaists was meant to challenge normal art and to question the role of the artist in the artistic process. Dada is the one which most urgently requires an intensive and exhaustive effort to preserve and make available its documents. There are two reasons for this: the movement's inherent importance for contemporary culture, and the ephemeral nature of its productions.
Dada Art Characteristics: Dada had only one rule: Never follow any known rules. Dada was intended to provoke an emotional reaction from the viewer (typically shock or outrage). Focused on techniques of accident and chance creating art.
Futurism was an Italian art movement of the early twentieth century that aimed to capture in art the dynamism and energy of the modern world. The Futurists loved speed, noise, machines, pollution, and cities; they embraced the exciting new world that was then upon them. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti called the movement Futurism. Its members sought to capture the idea of modernity, the sensations and aesthetics of speed, movement, and industrial development.
Futurist influenced all different types of art. It started in literature but went to painting, sculpture, industrial design, architecture, cinema and music. Most of its major exponents were painters and the movement produced several important 20th century paintings. It ceased to be an aesthetic force in 1915, shortly after the start of the First World War, but lingered in Italy until the 1930s.
The Futurist artists were fascinated by new visual technology, it helped show movement in painting, encouraging an abstract art with rhythmic, pulsating qualities. It was characterized by a push towards rationalism and modernism by the use of advanced building materials. In Italy, futurist artists were often at odds with the fascist state's tendency towards Roman imperial/classical aesthetic patterns.