Cystic Fibrosis By: Vincent Raitt

Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutation in the the CFTR gene, the gene that makes a protein that is in charge of mucus creation and regulation. It was first discovered in 1938 by Cystic fibrosis was first documented in 1938 by Dorothy Andersen, M.D. It is an Autosomal Recessive Genetic disorder, meaning that anyone can get it, if both of your parents pass on to you a mutated CFTR gene.

Some of the symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis are:

  • Salty-tasting skin
  • Persistent coughing
  • Frequent Lung Infections
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Poor growth
  • Difficulty with bowl movements
  • Infertility in males

Cystic Fibrosis is diagnosed when a test shows a defective CFTR mutation. About 1 in 2,500 newborn infants are diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis, with a higher incidence rate in Northern Europeans. Most children with Cystic Fibrosis stay in good health for much of their childhood. However, once they reach adulthood, lung disease may eventually cause disability. The average lifespan of people with Cystic Fibrosis is 37 years old. Treatments for Cystic Fibrosis include:

  • Airway clearance, used to get rid of mucus buildup
  • Inhaled Medicine, used to open the airways
  • Pancreatic enzyme supplement , used to improve nutrient absorbtion

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