Iceland By jOhann

Map

Iceland is completely surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean, there is only 1 close neighbouring country which is Greenland. It's Capital city is Reykjavik. Iceland has over 30 cities and a population of 323,000 in 2013. Iceland is also filled with active Volcanoes that can spew lava at any time.

Flag of Iceland (Above)

Climate

Iceland's climate is tempered by the Gulf Stream. Summers are mild and Winter's cold. Winds can be strong. Snow is not as common as thought by foreigners, often tricked by the name. Northern Iceland has great skiing conditions. However, the weather is very changeable at all times of the year, and in Reykjavík, the capital there may be rain, sunshine, drizzle and snow in the same day. The air is clean and free of pollution

Midnight Sun

Midnight sun is a natural phenomenon that happens in the summer months of places near the arctic circle. It is when the sun can be seen for a full 24 hours even through midnight. It specifically occurs during the summer solstice (Around June 22)

Polar Night

Polar Night is a natural phenomenon when Night lasts for 24 hours. Polar night occurs in the Antarctic circle, Polar Night occurs during the winter solstice (Around December 21) and polar night simultaneously occurs in the Arctic circle.

Aurora Borealis

The Aurora Borealis is an amazing light show caused by collisions of electrically charged particles from the Sun colliding with gasses like Oxygen and Nitrogen.

These lights can usually be seen around the magnetic poles of the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Auroras that occur in the north are called "Aurora Borealis". Auroras that occur in the south are called "Aurora Australis".

Many colours can be seen in the Aurora, such as Green, Red, Yellow, Blue and Violet.

Vikings in the area

Iceland was thought to be founded in the year 874 accidentally by viking explorers and their slaves from countries in the east, specifically Norway. The country of Iceland was thought to be inhabited but archaeological evidence tells us that Gaelic monks had actually setteled in Iceland before the Vikings. Through the years Iceland grew in population due to refuges seeking a new home from conflict plagued Europe.

These explorers found a land that met virtually all their needs for settlement. Coastal regions and inland valleys were fertile and suitable for the kind of farming they would have been familiar with in their homelands. Large meadows of grass provided food for livestock, and forests provide wood for buildings, fuel, and even for ships to be built. Bogs provided turf for buildings and iron for smelting. Underground volcanic activity provided hot springs for washing and bathing. Birds, fish, and sea mammals provided food and raw materials. Since the only native land mammal was the arctic fox, there were few predators for livestock. Iceland was a treasure trove for its inhabitants, they had everything they needed to survive

Food

Iceland has many great and delicious foods, it's country is diverse in food and flavours. Iceland also has many strange dishes like; Shark that is fermented for months, Puffin which is a a small bird, Whale meat and even Sheep head! All of these dishes give Iceland their culture and life.

Vikings in Iceland would've eaten many different foods because of their bountiful land, if Vikings decided to eat fish they would have many variations of fish; like Atlantic Salmon, Brown trout, Cod and Blue Whiting. All of these fich are found near Icelands coast and rivers. If the Vikings wanted meat they had the choice of domestic meat, Arctic fox, or imported meats like Chicken, Beef, Pork and lamb. There weren't many native plants that could bear vegetables or fruit, but the soil close to the volcanoes was so rich in nutrients that they could grow anything they wanted.

Daily life

In Iceland Vikingslived in turf houses. They are essentially normal wooden houses covered in grass, this was done as a superior insulation system to fend of the cold winter weather. Though inside was mainly built with a mixture of stone and wood.

Vikings usually wore clothes made out of sheep wool, linen and animal skin. Viking women were skilled at weaving, using primitive needles they were able to create good clothes that were comfortable. Viking men wore tunics and trousers, whilst women wore long dresses usually with a leather strap to keep everything together

http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/reports/climate/Iceland.htm

http://www.worldtravelguide.net/iceland/weather-climate-geography

https://www.scienceabc.com/nature/universe/midnight-sun-what-is-it-and-why-does-it-occur.html

http://www.aurora-service.eu/aurora-school/aurora-borealis/

http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/settlement_of_iceland.htm

https://www.mydestinationreykjavik.com/travel-articles/5-weirdest-traditional-icelandic-foods

https://guidetoiceland.is/history-culture/the-worlds-most-disgusting-icelandic-food

http://www.iceland-vacation-information.com/iceland_fish.html

http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/daily_living/text/Turf_Houses.htm

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icelandic_turf_house

http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/viking/clothes.html

Created By
Johann Vicedor
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