Hinduism was the main religion of India. 79.8% of the people are now Hinduism a drop since the early 2000's. There was no specific founder of this religion it was really from cultural and religious changes 1500 b.c. Hindu only believe in one god called Brahman which can take many forms. Such as Ganesha, Shiva, Krishna, Rama and more.
4 Central Beliefs:
- The Hindu belief in having a soul that was immortal.
- The Hindu belief that you are reincarnated.
- Karma decides what your class will be or what you have done to determine your current class.
- Hindu god take many forms.
Historical Scientific Achievements for the Indians was diamond mining, buttons and chess. Diamonds were very to the Indians it was a useful tool and made it easier to store there money. Buttons did not used to hold pants together they used to be a decorative piece of seashell that can be shaped. Chess was in the development but today's chess was changed from the original game they had back then.
Role of Women. Women were the untouchables which was basically lower than the lowest male. They weren't able to go anywhere without husband's permission. Child marriages, widow burning, and polygamy worsened.
Family's importance was prioritized in the caste system. Traits of these families was integrity, loyalty and unity was emphasized in India. Whole family shares income and food.
Monsoons was most of there water income. plants strongly relies on the monsoon. The wet monsoon comes during the summer from the giant South western wind. The dry monsoon comes during the winter from the North Eastern wind. Without the wet monsoon or guess wrongly when it will hit, they will go into a famine
A problem that India is facing is water irrigation. Water irrigation will help with more harvest and more fresh water when they don't have the wet monsoon. Another problem would be infrastructure. Infrastructure can save lives and they need to do this because the floods are wearing down this infrastructure.
Buddhism was created by Siddhartha Gautama which came from India. He is called the enlighten one and every one believe of different forms of this one guy. 244 million about 18.2% of China's population believe in this. Different forms was Guan-Yu, jade-Emperor, Eight-immortals.
4 Basic Doctrine
- Existence is suffering
- suffering has a cause, namely craving and attachment
- there is a cessation of suffering, which is nervana
- a path to cessation of suffering is the eight-fold path. this contains right views, right resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.
Great Britain started to colonize china first. They arrived in the 19th century and then later that century took control of China. For a little over 100 years they controlled china by crushing the opposition. Great Britain needed the tea, silk and porcelain but China didn't want any of there goods.
China gain its independence on October 1 1949 by slowly turning communist city by city. Mao Zedong was the leader of the communist party at the time of this.