Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 1869 in India while it was still a part of the British Empire. After a rebellious childhood, Gandhi left India for Britain to study law at Inner Temple in London. It was his family wishes him to become a lawyer.
After failing to succeed in practice in London, Ghandi took a job at a firm in South Africa in 1893; there, he experienced extreme prejudice due to his race. He was once forced off of a train for refusing to give up his seat. His experiences in South Africa led to Gandhi losing faith in the empire and his passion for working for equal rights for the Indian race.
After moving back to India in 1915, Gandhi began to lead the movement for Indian independence for Great Britain. He used non-violent methods to protest British rule in an effort to force Britain to give up India organizing peaceful boycotts, marches, gatherings, fastings, and other forms of civil disobedience. He went to jail 5 times for his role in the protests; during his last imprisonment, he watched his wife die.