Christianity and Islam Jaiden Garza

Founder of Christianity

Jesus Christ- Born in 7 B.C.

The founder of Christianity was Jesus Christ and the Apostle Paul. Jesus Christ created the teaches of the Gospel, Paul Implemented them throughout the Teachings of the Gospel. The new testament gospels describe Jesus as a teacher and a miracle woroker. Jesus was in his early thirties when he started going to villages & ministering people there. Then a group of men started to follow Jesus and call him a teacher. Many people Believed that Christianity began in the Mid 1st AD century.

Apparently there are trace references of him workings as a carpenter when he was a young adult. Most people believe, even now that he began his journey at the age of 30. Jesus's crucifixion was in the 1st century between 30 and 33 AD. In the year 46 AD it was believed Paul continued Jesus's missionary trips after Jesus Died.

Division of Christianity between the catholic and protestant church.

" Protestants reject the Roman Catholic Church's doctrine that it is the one true church, believing in the invisible church, which consists of all who profess faith in Jesus Christ. ... Other denominations are simply regional or ethnic expressions of the same beliefs." - Google

The rottenness of the Roman Catholic was at the heart of Martin Luthers attack in 1517, when he wrote the "95 theses" speaking off of the German Reformation.

  • 1500- Roman Catholic Church was powerful in Western Europe. The Church's jealousy had guarded it's position and anybody who went against the church. A person believing in or practicing religious heresy.
  • People were mad at the offices of Bishop and pope were traded and purchased for favors or gold. Popes, Bishops and Priests at the time lived immorally and the activity of the Church ran counter to the scriptures.
  • People Began to think that the priests and bishops weren't religious anymore. Some claimed that many priests didn't know the ' basic ' church teachings. They thought it was more politics than religious. People thought only Jesus could forgive their sins when the pope was forgiving people too.

Martin Luther

Born in Germany- 1984
  • 1501- He entered the University of Erfurt, where he received a Master arts degree, to become a lawyer.
  • 1505- He was caught in a thunderstorm and had feared for his life. He cried out to St. Anne and said "Save me, St Anne, and I'll become a monk!" The storm had came down, and he kept his promise. He didn't find the religious enlightenment, he was seeking. Martin Luther was one of the most influential figures in Christian history.
  • 1517- The Pope announced a new round of indulgences to help build St. Peter's Bascilica. He was angry and nailed a paper with 95 theses on the chapel floor. these laid out a devastating critique of the indulgences as corrupting people's faith.
  • 1512- ML was officially excommunicated from the Roam Catholic Church bc he refused to recant his statement. He translated the new Testaments into the German language so ' ordinary ' people would be able to read God's word.

95 Theses

  • Propound two central beliefs- the bible is the central religious authority and people may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds.
  • The Catholic Church was mad at him for nailing these theses.

Catholic Church Vs. Protestant

  • - Magisterium- refers to the official teaching body of the Roman Catholic church.
  • - Tradition- Didn’t view tradition as equal in authority with the Scriptures, the RCC has a different perspective. They only view the scriptures as authoritative.
  • - Salvation and grace- They express the idea that salvation is by faith alone, through grace alone, in Christ alone. The Catholic church views justifications as a process dependent on the grace you receive by participating in church
  • - Justification: The moment god declared that a guilty person s righteous because of what Christ has done.
  • Counter Reformation- Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th and early 17th centuries both against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal. Took place during the same period as the Protestant Reformation. The main aim was to reform and improve it. They covered the doctrine, structural reconfiguration, religious orders, spiritual movements and political dimensions.
  • Roman Catholic tribunal for discovery and punishment of heresy, which was marked by the severity of questioning and punishment and lack of right afforded to the accused
  • The Peace of Augsburg was a temporary settlement with
  • Holy Roman Empire of the religious conflict arising from the Reformation. Dissenters were allowed to emigrate and the free cities were obligated to allowed both Catholics and Lutherans to practice their religions.

Current Christians today

  • Current number of Christians in the world today- 2,184,060,00 Christians total
  • Research Center's 2014 Religious Landscape Study, released and found the proportion of adults who consider themselves Christian fell 8 percentage points from 78.4 percent in 2007 to 70.6 percent last year. It's an acceleration of a trend first noted in the late 1980s and represents more than just a generational shift. also about switching sides: Americans are increasingly willing to discard religious identities and take on new ones.

Founder of Islam

  • Founder of Islam- Muhammad the prophet
  • Approximate age when the religion was created- 9-2
  • The year that the religion was revealed/created: 622 CE
  • Muslim sources, Muhammad Ibn Abdullah was born in the year 570 and, was orphaned at an early age. The city of his birth was Mecca in Arabia, crossroads of international commerce with trade routes connecting it to India, Africa, China, and Malaysia. Working as a young boy in the caravan trade, Muhammad eventually became the business manager for a wealthy widow, Khadija, whom he married. She was aged 40 and he was 25 years old when they wed. Over their lifetime together, she gave birth to two sons (who died in infancy) and four daughters.
  • The disagreement between whether or not Muhammad had named Ali his successor was so great that it caused a schism in the Islamic faith, with Shiites believing Ali was the only rightful caliph and Sunnis supporting Abu Bakr, a divide that still exists today. Abu Bakr was only caliph for two years, but during that time he crushed rebellions among the Bedouins and expanded the Islamic territory into the Sassanian and Byzantine Empires.

Shi'a

New leader of the Muslims and Shi'a believed that Muhammads cousin, son-in-law, was supposed to be the next leader
  • Both sects differ in doctrine, ritual, law, theology and religious organization. The people who believed that Abu Bakr was supposed to be the next prophet followed him, and the people who believed that Muhammad’s cousin was the new prophet. The first of the doctrines of Islam is faith in the absolute unity of God.
  • 2nd is doctrine of the faith asserts the belief of Angles as part of God’s creation.
  • 3rd is the belief in the prophets.
  • 4th involves belief in the scriptures.
  • 5th is the beliefs in the final judgement.
  • Some texts include a sixth doctrine; a belief in God’s divine decree and predestination.
  • They would spread their message by talking to other people about what they had heard.
  • The second reason was by community. It meant that if they had a strong community that was safe, more people would join their religion.
  • Third reason was protection. The belief in Islam offered protection. One of the main reasons that the Sunni and Shi’a sects split was because the Sunnis believed that after the Prophet Muhammed died that his friend and companion Abu Bakr
  • In 2010 it was estimated that there are about 1.6 billion Muslims in the world today.
  • Many people believe that the number of Muslims today are shrinking and growing at an equal rapid rate.
  • Some reports have said that the number of Muslims grew by 40,000 to 60,000 after the attack of the twin towers.
  • In the year 2000 there was an estimated amount of 4,132,000 Muslims. The number has since grown from that.

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