Britain During the Years of the CCCS
By the end of the 20th century--aristocracy, middle class and working class--boundaries became blurred. Attitudes played a bigger part in defining social groups rather than income. Societal changes were brought about by many events, but some of the key changes were in education, multiculturalism, women's rights, and the consumer market.
Education: After 1945, all children got a good education and by the 1960s children had full-time education, free milk and more leisure time. In the 1960s, the number of students going to university doubled.
Multiculturalism: The arrival of immigrants from places such as the West Indies and south Asia brought about the idea of a multicultural Britain. The 1963 Bristol Bus Boycott brought attention to racial discrimination. Some felt that multiculturalism did not work and that it created a more segregated society. Others believed it was an important aspect of modern Britain, therefore the Race Relations Act and subsequent laws were created.
Women's Rights: Women were finally given equal rights in law in 1975 with the passing of the Sex Discrimination Act, but women remained under-represented in the highest paid jobs such as lawyers and company directors. The Sex Discrimination Act protected men and women from discrimination on the grounds of sex or marital status. Employment training on sexual harassment was a result of this act.
Industry: At the beginning of the 20th century Britain’s main industries were coal, iron/steel, engineering and textiles. These declined and Britain moved into more specialized manufacturing, such as aerospace, as well as service industries such as finance and tourism. This changed the kinds of jobs available and the types of skills needed to do them.
Consumerism: In 1994 the law changed to allow shops to open seven days a week and the idea of shopping as a leisure activity for everyone became even more popular.