Luke Noren period: 3 Ancient Greece 6 component project

Geography: In Greece most of the settlers were tempted to live near the sea because they could make a living off of being fishers, sailors and traders this was a good choice because Greeceā€™s mountains, sand and rocky soil was not the greatest conditions for growing crops but in some places you could grow wheat, barley, olives, and grapes. Most of the major cities in Greece were next to the ocean, on islands, on the coast of the mainland which is a peninsula or near a river so they could be close to water to have an easier life

Class Division: The idea behind Greek citizenship was that each Greek city state was run by the citizens, citizens were members of a political community in which they had rights and were treated equal. In most city states citizens where only free native born men who owned land they thought that their city states was made up by their lands. In Greece, citizens were able to pass laws, choose their official, the right to vote, hold office, own land and defend themselves in court. In some Greek city states they allowed native born women and children to become citizens but they still had almost no rights which is different than other ancient communities. A advantage of only letting native born men who owned land be citizens is the government is able to trust them and have been there a while so they know what is going on, a disadvantage is that when there is a vote they won't get everyone's opinions who lives there and they might not be happy with the decisions they have made.

Art: Four major types of Greek arts are paintings, sculptures, pottery and architecture. Paintings in Greece were usually on walls and used to decorate temples, tombs and other public buildings. Ancient Greek sculptures were typically made of stone or wood they were made to represent a human or god and many Greek sculptures were nudes because Greeks saw beauty in the naked human body. Pottery in ancient Greece was usually made from clay and was used for decorative and practical purposes. Architecture in ancient Greece was mainly used to honor the gods and goddesses like the Parthenon in Athens was built to honor the goddess Athena. Art impacted Greece because rulers would go out of there way to impress the gods and to make their city state beautiful and ended up making huge marvelous structures. The Greek citizens took pride in the public art. The Greek ideas spread to parts of Asia and India because of Alexander the Great's conquests this period was called the Hellenistic era. And the four styles of art then still look similar with few changes but the idea and the early stages of them helped us develop the way we do it today.

Organized government: A direct democracy is a form of democracy in which the people have the power rather than representatives this is what Athens form of government was. An advantage for a direct democracy is that everyone has a chance to share their ideas and a disadvantage is that it takes a long time to make decisions. A representative democracy is in which the citizens pick a representative to represent them this is the form of government we have in the U.S. An advantage for a representative democracy is that all ideas have potential and a disadvantage is some could be unhappy. A Tyranny is a form of government in which one person is in charge this is also called a dictatorship like Hitler was in charge of the Nazi's and Germany a advantage is that decisions are made quickly. A oligarchy is a form of government in which 2-5 people are in charge a example of this is Sparta a advantage is there is more input. Out of all of they government styles I would chose the representative democracy because I think it is the fastest way to make a fair decision.

Religion: In Greece the people believed in many gods and goddesses the people thought that gods shaped people's lives and that they were the cause of natural disasters. People who lived in Greece thought that the 12 main gods lived in mount Olympus and Zeus being the god of the sky ruled all other gods. Since people thought that everything in the world happened because of gods, humans respected them which is why the biggest and grandest temples in Greece are religious buildings. Poseidon Zeus's brother was the lord of the sea and controlled earthquakes and was second to only Zeus in power. Zeus Is the lord of the sky and he is the god of all gods.

Writing systems: the alphabet in Greece had 24 letters and similar to the English alphabet in which the letters sound out words. I think that the Greek alphabet didn't have as much of an impact be cause this writing system was different than cuneiform and hieroglyphics and it was probably harder to learn.


Created with images by Kristoffer Trolle - "Lady sitting in front of Parthenon on Acropolis, Athens, Greece"

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