Elizabethan Grace Hood Period 5

Thesis: The Elizabethan Age was one of the best era's of all time that made England very advanced.

Early Life

Quote #1: "During Elizabeth’s reign, she achieved a religious settlement that established a moderately Protestant Church of England as the country’s national church. She also long avoided war with Europe's leading Roman Catholic nations." (Bumgardner 2)

Commentary: The Elizabethan Age is sometimes called the Golden Age because it was a time of great achievement in England. Under Elizabeth, England advanced in many areas, for example, merchants formed a great trading company, the East India Company in 1660 and English literature flowered during the Elizabethan Age.

Quote #2: "Not everyone prospered during the Elizabethan Age. " (Bumgardner 6)

Commentary: Strict rules regulated clothing, land ownership, marriage, and religion. In the later half of Elizabeth’s reign, she actively persecuted Catholics.A number of people were executed for activity opposing the established church. By law, such action could be regarded as treason.

Quote #3: "Popular pleasures during the Elizabethan Age included archery, bowls (similar to bowling), and dancing. (Bumgardner 5)"

Commentary: Elizabeth's court became a center for musicians, scholars, and writers. People liked music, and wealthy people were expected to play musical instruments on social occasions. The English also enjoyed dressing up for masques, pageants, and plays at Christmas and other special times.

Middle Life

Quote #4: "In 1575 Queen Elizabeth I granted Byrd and Tallis sole publishing rights to print music." (Hager 2)

Commentary: In 1588 Byrd published Psalmes, Sonets, & Songs, a collection of English madrigals, songs that followed a strict poetic form and were generally sung by two to four people. A man of many talents whose music is still played today, Byrd wrote masses, secular works including sonnets and madrigals, and more than 120 works for the keyboard. With John Dowland, he remains the supreme musician of his era.

Quote #5: "Francis Bacon was a member of Parliament in 1584." (Jardine 1)

Commentary: Being a member of Parliament and his opposition to Elizabeth's tax program made Francis Bacon gained a political advancement. In 1621, Francis was accused of accepting bribes as lord chancellor, he pleaded guilty and was fined £40,000 and was banished from the court, disqualified from holding office, and sentenced to the Tower of London. Francis Bacon's career as a public servant was ended and he spent the rest of his life writing in retirement.

Quote #6: "Ahead of all England in its enterprise and its seamanship." (Henty1)

Commentary: In 1581, Drake is knighted by Queen Elizabeth, becoming Sir Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake in 16th-century England opened with his organization while still a captain of an expedition to compose of volunteers from Devon County.

Final Years

Quote #7: " When Elizabeth succeeded her sister to the throne in 1558, religious strife, a huge government debt, and failures in the war with France had brought England's fortunes to a low ebb." (Manyard 3)

Commentary: Elizabeth came to the throne with the Tudor concept of strong rule and the realization that effective rule depended upon popular support. She was able to select and work well with the most competent of counselors. Sir William Cecil (Lord Burghley) was appointed immediately, and Sir Francis Walsingham in 1573.

Quote #8: " Elizabeth usually put her weight behind those more cautious councillors who wanted to avoid outright war with Spain during the 1570s and early 1580s." (Doran 10)

Commentary: She preferred to follow a policy of giving underhand aid to Protestants abroad while outwardly posing as a mediator in the struggle between Philip II of Spain and his rebellious subjects in the Netherlands. In consequence, despite considerable pressure from Walsingham, Leicester and other zealous Protestants, Elizabeth's government did not send troops to fight against Spain until late 1585.

Theater

Quote #9: " It has been said that all you need for a theater is two planks and a passion."( Anderson 779)

Commentary: First, the part of the stage that projected into the yard grew narrower, and the small curtained inner stage grew larger, until there developed what is called the proscenium stage. Here there is no outer stage, there is only the inner stage, and a large curtain that separates it from the audience. This is the stage most of us know today and it has been standard for well over a hundred years.

Quote #10: "Sometimes playwrights influence the shape and form of the theater, but more often existing theaters seem to influence the shape and form of plays." (Anderson 778)

Commentary: The theater was an open sky theater and the plays only happened in the day time. The higher the seat was the more expensive it would be, the people who couldn't afford the higher seats often sat in the yard and stood around the stage, they were called "penny stinkers." There were no women in the theater, boys played all the women parts.

Shakespeare

Quote #11: " He is the most famous writer in the world, but he left us no journals or letters." ( Anderson 776)

Commentary: Shakespeare only left us his poems and his plays. What we know about William Shakespeare's personal life comes mostly from church and legal documents, a baptismal registration, a marriage license, and records of real estate transactions. We also have a few remarks that others wrote about him during his lifetime.

Quote #12: " Shakespeare was the ultimate professional writer." ( Anderson 777)

Commentary: Year after year he provided the theater with plays, almost on demand. Shakespeare's plays are still produced all over the world.

Sources

Works Cited

Anderson, Robert. “Shakespeare and His Theater: A Perfect Match.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 778-80.

---. “William Shakespeare’s Life: A Genius from Stratford.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 776-77.

Bumgardner, Jake. “Elizabethan Age.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.

“Elizabeth I Gender, Power, and Politics.” Ebsco history reference center, History Today, May2003, Vol. 53 Issue 5, p29.

“’Francis Bacon, English Philosopher And Statesman.’ Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.” “Francis Bacon, English Philosopher And Statesman.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

“Hager, Alan, ed. ‘Byrd, William.’ Encyclopedia of British Writers, 16th and 17th Centuries. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Bloom’s Literature. Facts On File, Inc. www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=103800&SID=5&iPin=EBWXVI073&SingleRecord=True.” Hager, Alan, ed. “Byrd, William.” Encyclopedia of British Writers, 16th and 17th Centuries. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Bloom’s Literature. Facts On File, Inc. www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=103800&SID=5&iPin=EBWXVI073&SingleRecord=True., Hager, Alan, ed. “Byrd, William.” Encyclopedia of British Writers, 16th and 17th Centuries. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Bloom’s Literature. Facts On File, Inc. www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=103800&SID=5&iPin=EBWXVI073&SingleRecord=True.

“Queen of England Elizabeth I.” Ebsco history reference center, Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, Q2 2016, p1.

“Under Drake’s Flag: A Tale of the Spanish Main.” Bloom’s Literature, Brackett, Virginia. “Under Drake’s Flag: A Tale of the Spanish Main.” Facts On File Companion to the British Novel: Beginnings through the 19th Century, vol.

Credits:

Created with images by City.and.Color - "Shakespeare's Globe Theatre" • Winniepix - "London's famous Globe Theatre, viewed from the River Thames" • irinaraquel - "Quentin Metsys - Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I" • clydesan - "2005-06 Or083 Elizabethan Stage"

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