Hurricanes samantha morgan

  • A hurricane is an intense circular storm that originates over warm tropical oceans.
  • The eye of the hurricane is the central region of clear skies, warm temperatures, and low atmospheric pressure.
  • The weather in the eye of a hurricane is usually calm.
  • The most dangerous part of a hurricanes structure is the eye wall.
  • Hurricanes rotate in a counter clockwise direction around their eye in the Northern Hemisphere and in a clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • The eye of a hurricane can be up to twenty miles across.
  • A hurricane can be up to six hundred miles across.
  • Thunderstorms often form within hurricanes and cause tornadoes.
  • The heavy waves of a hurricane are called storm surges.
  • Hurricanes are classified into 5 categories based on their wind speeds, and potential to cause damage.
  • Category 1 hurricanes have the wind speeds of anywhere between 74 - 95 miles per hour, do minimal damage and have a storm surge that is either 4 or 5 feet.
  • Category 2 hurricane have the wind speeds of anywhere between 96 - 110 miles per hour, do moderate damage and have a storm surge that is between 6 - 8 feet.
  • Category 3 hurricanes have the wind speeds of anywhere between 111 - 130 miles per hour, do extensive damage, and have a storm surge between 9 - 12 feet.
  • Category 4 hurricanes have wind speeds anywhere between 131 - 155 miles per hour, do extreme damage, and have a storm surge that is between 13 - 18 feet.
  • Category 5 hurricanes have wind speeds that are greater than 155 miles per hour, do Catastrophic damage, and have a storm surge that is greater then or equal to 19 feet.
  • Hurricanes can generate winds up to one hundred and fifty miles per hour.
  • Hurricanes can have strong winds spiraling inward and upward at speeds of 75 - 200 miles per hour.
  • The intensity of a hurricane is measured on the Saffir Simpson Scale.
  • Hurricanes cause lots of harm in Coastal , subtropical, and tropical areas around the world.
  • The Atlantic hurricane season is from June 1 to November 30.
  • The Pacific hurricane season is from May 15 to November 30.
  • Coastal Regions get more damage from hurricanes than other regions.
  • Hurricanes usually form in Tropical areas.
  • The World Meteorological Organization is in charge of naming hurricanes.
  • Until 1953 Hurricanes were only given girl names.
  • Now Hurricanes have boys and girls names.
  • Hurricanes names can be retired if they are really big and destructive.
  • Hurricanes form near the equator over warm ocean waters.
  • Hurricanes start as a tropical disturbance, then become tropical depressions, tropical storms, and then tropical cyclone/hurricane.
  • A tropical disturbance is just a weak hurricane that only last for about two to twenty-four hours.
  • When the wind speeds reach seventy-four miles per hour a tropical storm becomes a hurricane.
  • People call hurricanes by other names such as typhoons, cyclones, or tropical storms, depending on where the hurricane takes place.
  • The scientific term for hurricanes are tropical cyclones.
  • The term hurricane is only used for the large storms that form over the Atlantic, or Eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • Hurricanes are the most violent storms on earth.
  • Hurricanes usually last for over a week.
  • Hurricanes can cause an elevation of the sea surface that is twenty feet above normal levels.
  • Evaporation from sea water increases a hurricanes power.
  • Hurricanes gather energy from warm ocean water.
  • Hurricanes dissipate when they can no longer extract efficient energy from warm ocean waters.
  • Hurricanes can only form in ocean water that is at least eighty degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Hurricanes hit land with tremendous force bringing huge waves and heavy rain.
  • Many hurricanes cause severe flooding.
  • About ninety percent of deaths that occur during a hurricane result from drowning in the floods.
  • A hurricane weakens rapidly after it hits land.
  • Forty percent of hurricanes that occur in the United States hit Florida.
  • Torrential Rains in hurricanes can cause floods and landslides.
  • Most hurricanes rage harmlessly in the sea.
  • Hurricanes can be tracked by weather satellites and radars.
  • Hurricane Andrew was a Category 5 hurricane that took place in Florida and resulted in sixty-five deaths.
  • Hurricane Matthew was a Category 5 hurricane that took place in the United States and in islands off of the Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Sea.
  • Hurricane Matthew had a death toll of about six hundred and three people.
  • Hurricane Sandy took place in New Jersey and resulted in one hundred and seventeen deaths.
  • The damage from Hurricane Sandy costed around sixty-five billion dollars to fix.
  • Hurricanes have led to the deaths of about two million people over the last two hundred years.
  • The deadliest Hurricane in history was the Galveston Hurricane that took place in Texas in 1900 and killed eight thousand people.
  • The damage made by Hurricane Galveston costed thirty million dollars to fix.
  • Hurricane Katrina took place in South East Alabama and Cuba.
  • Hurricane Katrina resulted in one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six deaths.
  • It costed one hundred and eight billion dollars to fix the damage from Hurricane Katrina.

Works Cited

“11 Facts About Hurricanes.” | Volunteer for Social Change. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

Hurricane Facts. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

“Hurricane Facts for Kids.” N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

Hurricanes in History. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

NASA. NASA. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

“SciJinks It’s All about Weather!” NOAA/NASA SciJinks :: How Does a Hurricane Form? Web.20 Apr. 2017.

"Tropical cyclone." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

Wicker, Crystal. Weather Wiz Kids Weather Information for Kids. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

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