Bipolar Disorder is a chronic mental illness which causes shifts in mood and energy. These changes between high and low are known as mania and depression.
Mania refers to the "high" that a person experiences, however this feeling is met with reckless decisions, irritability, and being excessively active.
Depression is the "low" they experience which results in feeling lethargic, hopeless, empty and having thoughts of suicide. These feelings can be so intense that some people with bipolar disorder often find it hard to get out of bed.
Causes of bipolar disorder:
Genetics. The chance of being diagnosed with bipolar disorder is greater if there is recorded history of it within a family.
Stress. A particularly stressful event can first trigger a bipolar episode, however the way a person handles stress can affect whether it causes them to have bipolar disorder.
Brain structure. Researchers have found subtle differences in the average size or activation of some brain structures in people with bipolar disorder. While brain structure alone may not cause it, in some cases concussions and traumatic head injuries can increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder can be treated and managed through: medications, such as mood stabilizers and antidepressants, psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and self-management strategies and education
Notable People with this disorder include: Stephen Fry, Demi Lovato, and Markese Rolle- better known by his stage name SpaceGhostPurrp