the Oregon Country was a huge area located north of California, between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
in the early 1800s, four nations claimed the vast, rugged land known as the Oregon Country.
Many Americans wanted control of Oregon in order to gain access to the Pacific Ocean.
the Spanish agreed to set the limits of their territory at what is now California's northern boarder and to give up all claims to Oregon.
Mountain men in oregon
Fur traders had been the first Americans to take up the challenge of living in the Oregon Country.
The country's leading fur company, it traded on Fur Company, it traded on the East Coast, in the Pacific Northwestern, and in China.
At first the fur merchants traded with the Native Americans.
Oregon and Manifest destiny
In the 1830's, Americans began traveling to the Oregon Country to settle
Marcus and Narcissa Whitman were missioners in 1836 and built a mission among the Cayuse people near the present site of Walla Walla,Washington.
Along the Oregon trail
The Whitman massacre was a shocking event, but it did little to stop the flood of pioneers on their way to Oregon.
Gathering Independence or other towns in Missouri, the pioneers followed the Oregon Trail across the Great Plains, among the Platte River, and through the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains.
Then they turned North and west along the snake Columbia Rivers into the Oregon Country.
america seeks its manifest destiny
Since colonial times, many Americans had believed their nation's missions should be to serve a as a model of freedom and democracy
Many believed that the nation's mission was to spread freedom by setting the entire continent.
O"Sullivan was a New York newspaper editor and expressed in more specific words the ideas of a national mission.
fifty-four or fight
Many Americans wanted the United State to take over all of Oregon.
Polk's Whig opponent, Henry Clay, did not take a strong poison on the Oregon issue.
A firm believer in Manifest Destiny, Polk was focused on acquiring Oregon.
How did Polk's view differ from clay's in the 1844 election
Polk won the election because Whig support was not united behind Clay and, Clay didn't take a strong position on the Oregon issue.
statehood for Florida and texas
Iowa finally emerged as a free state candidate.
when Spain transferred to Florida to the United States on July 17, 1821, Florida became an American territory.
The capital was located about midway between St. Augustine and Pensacola, Florida, major cities at that time.
Many planters from Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolina's had worn out their soil with years of heavy use.
the territory grows
In 1837 the census for the territory of Florida reported that 48,000 people lived there.
Florida voters chose 56 people to attend the constitutional conventional in St. Joseph, a small port city on the Gulf Coast.
Florida's desire to enter the Union as a slave state caused some difficulty.
statehood for Florida
Iowa finally emerged as a free state candidate. With the question of slavery removed, President John Tyler signed the Florida statehood bill.
what caused the population of Florida to grow?
Tallahassee became the territorial capital in 1824. The capital was located about midway between St. Augustine and Pensacola, Florida's major cities at that time. Not counting Native Americans, fewer than 8,000 people lives in the territory, including enslaved people. Later, as news of the area's fertile land spread, thousands of new settlers streamed into Florida.
In 1821 won Mexico Independence from Spain.
Mexico encouraged Americans to settle in Texas.
Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna tok an army into Texas to punish the rebels.
The Texans had only about 180 soldiers to take on Santa Anna's army of several thousand.
The Texans did have a brave leaders, however, including folk hero Davy Crockett, commander William B. Travis, and a though Texan name Jim Bowie.
The Alamo defenders had been defeated, but they had brought the Texans time to gather troops and supplies.
Texas declared its independence
During the siege at the Alamo , Texan leaders met at the town of Washington-on-the-Brazos.
Texan leaders set up a temporary government
the lone star republic
IN September 1836, Texans elected Sam Houston as their president.
Andrew Jackson, However, refused their requested.
The addition of another slave state would of slaves remain an independence country.
Texans becomes a state
Many Texans wanted to join the United States.
Southerners favored Texans annexation
northerners opposed admitting another slave state to the Union
Why did it take a long time for the United States to annex Texas?
War with Mexico
How did the Santa Fa Trail benefit the New Mexico Territory?
As trade with New Mexico to increase, Americans began to settling in the area.
the new mexico Territoy
They win Independence from Spain in 1821
William Beckenell, the first american trader to reach Santa fa Trial.
Others soon followed Becknell
California's Spanish Culture
Spanish explorers and missionaries from Mexico settled California in the 1700.
After Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821.
President James K. Polk was determined to get California and New Mexico territories from Mexico.
Relations between the two countries were not friendly.
Mexican troops attacked Taylor's forces.
A war plan
Polk planed to defeat Mexico By accomplishing three goals.
His army had captured all the important towns in the border aera between Mexico and Texas.
They were encouraged by Americans general John C Fremont.
President Polk sent general Winfield Scott and his troops to attack Mexico City.
Defeated on February 2, 1847
Mexico gave the United States more than 500,000 spare miles.
What did american gain from the american War?
California Gold Rush
When gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in 1848.
Americans made up about 80% of the 49ers.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalogo ended the war with Mexico and made California Mexico living in California.
Some Californios were able to prove their claims.
The life of forty-niner
As people rushed to the new area to look forward to look for gold, they built new communities.
Most forty-niners had no experience in mining.
gold rush society
Mining camps contained men of all backgrounds but few women.
Economics and political progress
The Gold Rush had lasting effects on California.
How did the Mormons have to keep moving from one place to another?
A religious refuge in Utah
While the Gold Rush was transforming California, change was also taking place in near by Utah.
The Mormons move on
Smith hoped to use his visions to build an ideal society.
He also supported polygamy, the idea that a man could have more than one wife.
Smith formed a community in New York.
A have in the Desert
The Mormon migration begin in 1846.
In 1847 the Mormons finally reached the Great salt Lake.
They carefully planed towns, such as Salt Lake City.