Greece six component project: By: Omar azeEM

Geography: Grease covered exact 50,949 mi² [Miles squared]and was surrounded by a three body´s of water also known as a peninsula, but unlike the Arabian Grease Grease was not covered in a desert. Grease however used the Mediterranean sea to their advantage a good example of this is in the battle of Thermopylae after the Greek city states untied the Athens believed that the sea would be Greases way of winning, and during the Ionian revolt 499 BC – 493 BC, and in battles of Thermopylae Athenians had assembled 200 ships at times for battle. Even in the Peloponnese war April 25, 431 BC – 404 BC, and the Minoans and Mycenaeans kept the Mediterranean waters pirate free. Mounties were the next point valuable to grease in fact one of the reasons the spartans were very successful was their line of defense were the mountains they proved to be helpful against attackers. how these features impacted civilization, for example rivers like the Macedonia in Macedonia was 297 km or 185 miles total it provided a water supply and this is what blossomed the population just as other rivers had, The mediterranean sea had also influenced trade and made the city's rich as the mediterranean sea trade included Slaves and wheat from Egypt and grain from the black sea which were all important. Some of the famous city states are Troy, Athens, Sparta, corinth, Thebes, Delphi, Argos, Rhodes, other city states are Eretria, Olimpia, Knossos. Argos sits on the fertile Argolid plain in the eastern Peloponnese in Greece, it was one of the oldest city states, its land is dry and that is because the people honor a beleved argument in the land between the Greek polytheism god Poseidon and Hera and Hera had one and became ruler of the land but poseidon got his revenge as he was the sea god he dried the land, there is a lot of religious beliefs in the city as well as the hero Argos was believed to battle to the death there, and it was named after him, so the land is sacred. Thebes was important similarly to a religious aspect as far as mythology goes, but Thebes is known for its abundant amount of springs of water. Rhodes with an area of 1,400 km square, it is the largest island in the Greek Dodecanese group located in the south-eastern Aegean. Was inhabited ever since the stone age, and was active in trade due to its location. Corinth according to The geography it is next to waterways, as it had one of the richest port , and was the largest city in ancient Greece, so the ocean had a big impact to Corinth . Corinths place in the peloponnesian war was sended troops to aid the Sicilians against a Athenian invasion, as sparta also agreed to aid the Sicilians along side Corinth.

Class division: Greek citizenship was an Idea were the Greek city state was run by its citizens, they were each a member of the political community, they treated each other equal and had rights and responsibilities. So this shows the people had power. This made Greece different than other civilizations such as Egypt and Mesopotamia because in both egypt and mesopotamia, People were always lower slaves, soldiers, farmers, and were you ended up was your luck and those who were higher ruled you, you had no say in political affairs, no choices, vary little power like owning property, and no rights. Some rights of a citizen of Greece were, having the privilege to meet in a agora to choose their leaders such as officials, and which laws to pass, they had the right to vote, and hold power in areas such as office, own property, Use political evidence to support and defend one or themselves in court, but each citizen was required to serve in government and defend their polis as citizen soldiers. Some advantages are there may be less rebellions against a certain law passed, like the way Egypt had rebelled to persian rule. There would be less death penalties as people could defend themselves in court, People would have a reason to be loyal to their city state. Some disadvantages may be that this power may be too much for people and they may begin to disobey the rule as the punishment might not be to high if you escape court, people might take power, out of lack of proper punishment.

Art: Took many forms in ancient Greece, such as Poetry [mainly epics, like the epic of the hero Odysseus] and fables, and drama, and Architecture [ like the use of Phi in the Parthenon.], art impacted Grease in many ways for example one way Greek poetry and fables impacted Greece was it thought people Value, Greek drama still is around today and impacted Greece by entertainment. Greek art and Architecture had expressed the Ideas of Beauty and harmony. How did these Ideas spread, the answer is the Hellenistic era, before Alexander the great died he had conquered back cities of Greece that were under persian rule and persia itself. Alexander had went with armies to conquer southern asia and africa. SO when he died, all the Ideas that he had brought with him to non greek areas began to blossom. Architecture has impacted many non greek countries, such as japan and china as the math use of Phi [not pi] was used to make temples such as the Parthenon, and are still used today in making many temples. The Idea of Tragedies and comedies in drama and drama itself is still widely used even in America. Fables were inspired and written base on many famous works of Homer, as well as Epics and other poetry.

Government: There were two main types of government in ancient Greece, Tyranny, and Oligarchy but here are some definitions:

Tyranny:

A singular government form

With one leader.

Example: A king such as possibly glashaus khan

Advantiges and disedvantiges: Less political fights with leaders would brakeout.Maybe it would be better for smaller countries to hold a Tyranny as it would be easier to run and if land mass was shorter than smaller rations of Agriculture or oil would be shipped more easier to handle.There is not much ofAuthority that can overpower or give other suggestions.Not everyone would be involved

Oligarchy:

When a few people hold power, [2-5]

An example could be Rome at the vary farthest of its history there were 7 kings who ruled rome.

Advantages and disadvantageous: More people can support a non maleficent Idea.And with more minds on one topic more solutions could be given Due to disagreement or money distributions fights could be more common, for a political Idea or affair.

Representative Democracy:

Is a democracy that is made up of elected officials representing a group of people.

Example of a contry that has a Representative democracy: U.S.A

Advantages and disadvantageous: There is more better knowledge organizing and representing an official.More calculations of votes, and everyone might not agree.

Direct Democracy:

A form in which people instead of representatives decide on the laws or policies that do govern them.

Example of a contry that has a direct democracy: Switzerland

Advantageous and disadvantages: People have more of a fair share in the decision of the next leader. More people may disagree.

Which Government was the best: Oligarchy, because unlike Tyranny there are more then one leader so if there are more minds the more strategy´s could be forged, the more people may support a good idea then a bad one. For example of why Tyranny is worse. Genghis Khan, he became a warrior,as he was for told to be and by 1206 he had became ruler of almost all of Mongolia, he then swept into china, central Asia, Eastern Europe, " Genghis Khan’s military conquests were often characterized by the utmost cruelty and wholesale slaughter of the defeated. " [-QUESTION MORE], no one else could stop him or stand up to him as he grew more powerful, another example of Tyranny is Adolf Hitler, his army controlled Austria and Czechoslovakia and, in 1939 attacking Poland. He wiped out one third of the Jewish population in the world, more then 3,300,000- 3,000,000, he had no one over him and is power.

Greek religion: The Greeks had a Polytheism belief system, similar to the Mesopotamian´s and Egyptian´s. The Greeks believed in Gods and Goddesses each controlled a fores of nature, and shaped there lives. There were both minor Gods and Goddesses as well, similar to the Egyptians the Greeks were also beveled in after life, were once they died there souls would go to an under world ruled by Hades, ere one would be in trail on his life´s sins and good doings. In Greek mythology they beveled that the heaven was known as Elysium, the please were ordinary souls that lived were sent was the Asphodel Meadows, there were also spirituous rivers such as The rivers Styx, Phlegethon, Acheron, Lethe, and Cocytus. Temples were built, so Gods and Goddesses were honored and praised, they would pledge as soldiers ever to burn down temples, they had done brave deads as in belief of higher achievement like Elysium. The role of Zeus was the supreme leader of the Gods, in relapse of his father the titan Crones. As well as lord of the sky and rain. he was the deity of the universe, ruler of the sky and the father of both Gods, and man. He was the writer of the laws of nature. With his shied the Aegis, he could curate all natural phenomena, the ones relating to the wind, he would open the sky and deliver water. He could spread flashes of thunder and havoc to lands, and see anything. Poseidon the ruler of the sea, was the protector of all sea life, his trident could make the Earth shake causing Earth quakes, he was also beveled to make the first horse in an attempt to impress Demeter the Goddess of harvest.

The Greek alphabet along with Latin had formed English by prefixes. There for the letters are similar. A lot of Greek letters are used in Science and math: Delta, used to describe a difference in quantity, Pi also equal to 3.14159 is used to calculate a circumference and volume of a circle, Lambda is used to represent a wavelength of light in physics, Theta is used to describe an angle, Sigma is used to represent a summation [ sum or adding thins together] of a number of different of same items. Estimated that a total of 30% of English words come from a sort of classical Greek word. Greek letters sound similar to Latin, the Greek alphabets gave birth to alphabets in Latin, Gothic, Cyrillic.

Greek Message above:

between 1100 B.C. and 750 B.C., Greece changed, oversea trade began to slow, and poverty took hold. Farmers began to only have had grow crop only for there family’s needs, people began to stop teaching each other how to write or do craft work, and before long the people had forgotten there language, there for historians refer to this age as the Dark Age. Then the a new language had risen inspired from the alphabet of the Phoenicians, one of the Greeks trading partners that lived on the coast of the eastern Mediterranean.

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