Juana = "Hermana" of Fernando and Isabel
Felipe = From the powerful Habsburg familia
They married and Juana became known as "La Loca".
Carlos I = "Hermano" of Juana and Felipe
He was also known as Charles V of Austria and Germany and the Holy Roman Emperor.
Under his rule, Spain crecio rapidly. Gold, silver, corn, potatoes, and fruit flooded in from Central America. He used this money luchar contra his religious wars across Europe.
Felipe II = Son of Charles V
In 1554, he caso Mary Tudor of England to create an international Catholic alianza.
A male heir would have become the king of England but there was none. The Protestant Elizabeth I came to power.
Dutch, anexo from Portugal, declared independence from Spain which caused a war involving England
Spain, who was supposedly invincible, was defeated. Portugal and England started propaganda against Spain.
Felipe III = Son of Felipe II
Felipe IV = Son of Felipe III
He reigned over one of Spain's richest time periods: the Siglo de Oro
Literatura, drama, and arte were flourishing.
Carlos II = Son of Felipe IV
He was known as "El Hechizado" and thought to be crazy. In 1700, he died leaving no heir to ascend the Spanish throne.
This concludes the reign of the Habsburgs.