TerraCotta Army By: harrison shea

The Emperor, born in 260 BC took his position when he was 13. He died and was buried in 210 BC.

It took approximately 40 years for the construction and sculptures of the Emperor's Terracotta Warriors and Horses to be complete.

There were more than 700,000 laborers working on the Tomb complex and on the Terracotta Army.

Each Terracotta Warrior is unique. Their features are lifelike, made from moulds. Archaeologists believe they were built in an assembly line fashion, with moulds for arms, legs, torsos, and heads being put together and finished with customized features that ensured no two were alike.

The Terracotta Army sculptures were made from wet clay that was allowed to dry and then baked in a kiln. Then they were painted.

There are more than 8 different head shapes which represent various cultures in China.

In addition to the Terracotta Warriors there were figures of entertainers, musicians, acrobats, waterfowl, and government officials found in the 20 square mile tomb.

The Terracotta Warriors stand at an average of 5 feet 11 inches tall, although some are as tall as 6 feet, 7 inches.

Warriors of the Terracotta Army were dressed differently to represent their position, whether foot soldier or scout, or cavalry solder.

The Terracotta Warriors were originally painted, and today scientists are trying to figure out how to preserve what little paint remains on a few of the soldiers for as long as possible.

When found, most statues were broken and archaeologists have been piecing them back together for several years.

The Tomb contained four main pits approximately 21 feet deep that housed the Terracotta Army.

The Terracotta Warriors were outfitted with real weapons, including swords, spears, crossbows, and daggers. When found they were well preserved, protected with a layer of chromium.

Because the horses had saddles, it is believed that they were invented during the Qin Dynasty's rule.

Many of the objects and some of the Terracotta Warriors have been on display at various museums around the world for exhibitions.

Emperor Qin Shi Huang had spent his life searching for a way to become immortal, but was not successful.

Some believe that the Emperor's burial tomb complex was not completed because of the presence of a fourth pit that was found empty.China’s first emperor spent much of his life searching for immortality and built himself a tomb complex that encompassed 20 square miles.

Construction of the tomb began when the future Emperor of Qin (China) took power at the age of 13.

As part of the complex, more than 700,000 laborers constructed a life-size terra cotta army and tomb complex.

The army took an estimated 40 years to finish.

The clay soldiers remained untouched for more than 2000 years, until 1974, when they were unearthed by Chinese farmers.

Experts estimate there are more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots, and 670 horses.

Recent digs have also uncovered terra cotta acrobats, musicians, and waterfowl.

Every soldier is unique, no two are alike and each has unique and realistic features.

Scientists are using various techniques to preserve the paint found on the warriors.

The greatest mystery is yet to be revealed: the Emperor’s tomb, which has yet to be opened.Farmers digging a well in a field approximately 20 miles east of Xi’an stumbled upon a pit containing 6,000 life-size terra cotta statues in March 1974. The site was soon identified as the burial place of Emperor Qin, and excavations began almost immediately. Historians now believe that some 700,000 workers worked for nearly three decades on the mausoleum. So far, archaeologists have uncovered a 20-square-mile compound, including some 8,000 terra cotta soldiers, along with numerous horses and chariots, a pyramid mound marking the emperor’s tomb, remains of a palace, offices, store houses and stables. In addition to the large pit containing the 6,000 soldiers, a second pit was found with cavalry and infantry units and a third containing high-ranking officers and chariots. A fourth pit remained empty, suggesting that the burial pit was left unfinished at the time the emperor died.

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Harrison Shea
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