14th Amendment 1868 The fourteen amendment guaranteeing to African American citizen and all its privileges, is officially adopted into the U.S. constitution. It changed former slaves into citizen.
15th amendment-1870-It gives right to all male citizen or all races to vote.
13th amendment-1865- Amendment to the constitution declared that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, etc. Lincoln wanted to end slavery everywhere. For this he needed to add on the constitution( supreme court). Accepted in 1865, approved out by 17 of 36 states
Dread Scott Decision-1857-Dread Scott was a slave in 1795, shortly after he was married he tried to buy his freedom but failed. He brought the case to Missouri courts and one so they brought to the supreme court and they announced that slaves have no right that they have. Scott traveled to Illinois and Minnesota and claimed since he was on a free territory he should be free.
The Emancipation Proclamation-1863-Abraham Lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation Jan 1, 1863. This entitled that all people held in rebellious state should be free. Lincoln did this so they can fight in the civil war. He did get them out effectually.
Plessy vs Ferguson-1892-Plessy refused to sit in a Jim Crow car and was brought before Ferguson of the criminal court of New Orleans. In 1892, separate thing black and white. They were saying separating is OK as long as you have equal facilitates.
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka-1954-landmark in the U.S. supreme court case establishing separate public school. American and White Students to be illegal.
Th Montgomery bus boycott was sparked by the arrest of Rosa parks, that the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unauthorized.
Little Rock Nine-1957-Group of African american students, follow by a crisis where they were prevented from entering the racial segregated school. Supreme court ruled that segregation public school were illegal. Many school didn't allow black students who attend school can't be with a school with white school. Nine student try to attend little rock high school and the govern of Arkansas try to prevent it, but President Eisenhower overruled the decision.
Sit-ins-The first sit-ins was on Feb 1,1960 in Greensboro, North Carolina, is said to have been the catalyst for and entire movement, they counter was designated for white people but, African Americans would not move until they were treated fairly.
Rudy Bridges-1960-She was the first american girl to go to a white school. There was a lot of bulling towards her at the school, so Marshals had to escort her, to make sure she would be safe.
Freedom Riders-1963- Civil rights activist who rode interstate buses into segregated southern US. They rode buses to segregated areas of the south to protest peacefully, on local levels.
James Meredith-1962- Activist who gained national renown at a key juncture in the civil rights movement. He became the first African American student at the university of Memphis. He got in but they didn't realize he wasn't white , then they rejected him and he fought for his right.
I have a dream-1963- Public speech delivered during the march on Washington for jobs and freedom. This called for a end to racism in the united states and called for civil and economic rights. Specifically to protest and educate people about jobs and differences because of race