Background on Type 2 Diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes is a illness where the insulin receptors are misshaped so the insulin cannot attach to them, resulting in glucose not being able to enter the cell.
- This means that the person with type 2 diabetes is not getting energy into their cells, no matter how much sugar they eat.
- Type 2 is caused by a genetic predisposition, or life style dissensions.
- The first guideline for a diabetic is to limit carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal and no more that 180 grams a day.
- In one meal a diabetic should have 1/4 protein and starch, plus 1/2 non starchy vegetables.
- The ratio of carbs:fats:protein, in a day should be, 55:20:25.
- Type 2 diabetics should consume dense carbohydrates like: wheat bread and whole fruit.
How to Monitor Blood Sugar Short Term and Long Term
- People with type 2 diabetes need to know, on a daily basis, how well they’re doing with medications, diet, and lifestyle changes.
- Usually, testing occurs before meals, particularly before breakfast, but your doctor will tell you what’s best for your situation. You may test after meals or in the evening to check for low blood sugar levels before you go to sleep.
- The American Diabetes Association (ADA) advises keeping your blood sugar levels before meals from 80–130 mg/dl and your levels 1–2 hours after meals under 180.
- There is also a long-term glucose test called a hemoglobin A1c. This test gives your average reading over the last 2–3 months. A1c is expressed as a percentage. Targets for a person with diabetes recommended by the ADA are 7.0% or lower if you want tight control.
- Physical activity, including appropriate endurance and resistance training, is important to people with Type 2 diabetes.
- Favorable changes in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity usually deteriorate within 72 h of the last exercise session: consequently, regular physical activity is important to sustain glucose-lowering effects and improved insulin sensitivity.
- Although walking may be the most convenient low-impact mode, some persons, because of foot problems, may need to do non-weight-bearing activities.
Quotes/Stories About People Living With Type 2 Diabetes
- Vasantha Ragunathan was very upset when she learned that she has type 2 diabetes. Vasantha has managed to stay in the target range through lifestyle changes alone which have helped her to feel fit and healthy. She says: “Don’t take any shortcuts when it comes to your health”. Vasantha now has a healthier diet and exercises regularly; she particularly enjoys walking, lifting weights and yoga.
- Another type 2 diabetic, Ian Westman, states that it is very important to know the difference between the two types of diabetics, “I feel that many people do not understand diabetes,” says Ian. “Especially the differences between type 1 and type 2 are not generally known or, in my case, that some people with type 2 are required to administer insulin too”.
- Stories & experiences. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/stories-experiences
- What Can I Eat? (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/
- Type 2 Diabetes - National Library of Medicine - PubMed Health. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024703/