America's response to a changing world Katrin Dumont

Global poverty is defined as living on less the $1 a day. Current states of global poverty show that, 4 million newborns worldwide are dying in the first month of life, that 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanctions, that 2 million children under the age of 15 currently live with HIV and many more problems found through research.

Major problems are faced by people living on $1 a day. In countries that are impoverished, water, food, jobs, education and natural disasters all add to the troubles.

In Guatemala, lack of water supply plays a big role in deteriorating health conditions. Only 1/10 people have access to fresh, clean water in their homes. 3.5 million people per year die from water based illness because of their unpurified water.

When it comes to food and nutrition in Guatemala, around 50% of Guatemalan children are malnourished. When one is malnourished, it causes the body to have a weaker immune system, making other secondary illness more threatening, it stunts growth, creates a more difficult learning environment, perpetuates emotional problems such as depression, OCD, as well as memory problems. Being malnourished lastly causes one to be a less productive worker.

In Guatemala, 75% of the population have informal jobs where as worldwide 66% have informal jobs. Days without work are very common then causing one to live on not even $1 a day. Language barriers as well as lack of education add to the difficulty in finding employment. Children have to work for their families rather than attend school, creating generational poverty.

Education in poor countries is very rare. Lower income households are less likely to send their children to school even though it is free because the cost of uniforms, transportation, books, and supplies. Without education, large language barriers exist, creating problems such as not being able to sell products, making it harder to get medical care, and making it harder to work. Another aspect of non existent education is the fact that 50% of girls marry and start a family before 19.

Natural Disasters occur often in Guatemala. When one occurs, it creates a shortage in food. The land available to indigenous farmers are hill side, bad soil, and lands with lack of water. 70% of all land owned by the 2% wealthiest people, stifling the poor.

U.S. Foreign Assistance- 1) The U.S. Government foreign assistance is aid given to other countries to provide peace. 3) $33.5 billion is proposed for spending aid in 2017. 4) Over 100 countries receive foreign assistance from the U.S. 5) Peace & security: $8.3 billion, Democracy, human rights &a government: $2.7 billion, education & social services: $1.1 billion, health: $9.3 billion, economic development: $3.6 billion, human assistance: $6 billion, and environment: $1.3 billion.

Gender inequality & woman's empowerment: -9.8 million girls are not in school. -1/3 women experience gender based violence. -1/7 girls are married before their 15th birthday. -Each year in developing countries, more than 99% women die from pregnancy and child related complications. -In Africa, women owned enterprises make up as little as 10% of all the businesses.

USAID solution: USAID suggests an extra year of school for girls to increase their future earnings by 10 to 20%. Girls with secondary schooling are up to six times less likely to marry as children than those with little or no education. When women participate in civil society and politics governments are more open. All of these will be accomplished through gender programs in more than 80 countries and partnership programs.

The result: Advancing policy changes that give women access to financial services and ownership of land they tend. Programs are the concluding result.

Case study: where-Kandahar Afghanistan, when- November 16, what problem- The pillion controlled Kandahar from 1997 to 2004 banning girls from working or being educated. What were the solutions?- programs worked with young women and girls to help them gain work experience through internships and find full-time jobs. How effective were the solutions?- these solutions have been seeing to be effective. 

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